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Government
Qu. GDP Per Capita € [+]2015Q32,040€
GDP Mill. € [+]2016169,578M.€chart141,043M.€2016GDP Mill. € [+]
GDP Mill.$ [+]2016187,593M.$chart159,046M.$2016GDP Mill.$ [+]
GDP per capita [+]20168,600€chart3,460€2016GDP per capita [+]
GDP per capita [+]20169,493$chart3,902$2016GDP per capita [+]
Quat. GDP Mill.€ [+]2015Q340,535M.€
Debt [+]201663,076chart29,5762016Debt [+]
Debt [+]201669,819chart32,7382016Debt [+]
Debt (%GDP) [+]201637.60%chart20.58%2016Debt (%GDP) [+]
Debt Per Capita [+]20163,212€chart726€2016Debt Per Capita [+]
Debt Per Capita [+]20163,555$chart803$2016Debt Per Capita [+]
Deficit [+]2016-5,088chart-19,3332016Deficit [+]
Deficit [+]2016-5,632chart-21,3992016Deficit [+]
Deficit (%GDP) [+]2016-3.00%chart-13.45%2016Deficit (%GDP) [+]
Gov. Health Exp. (M.€) [+]201657,686.2chart60,965.12016Gov. Health Exp. (M.€) [+]
Expenditure (M.$) [+]201663,852.9chart67,482.22016Expenditure (M.$) [+]
Education Expenditure (M.€) [+]20144,705.0chart5,059.32008Education Expenditure (M.€) [+]
Education Expenditure (M.$) [+]20146,244.1chart7,445.82008Education Expenditure (M.$) [+]
Education Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]20149.24%chart11.43%2008Education Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]
Gov. Health Exp. (M.€) [+]20146,722.0chart7,724.02014Gov. Health Exp. (M.€) [+]
Gov. Health Exp.(M.$) [+]20148,930.2chart10,261.32014Gov. Health Exp.(M.$) [+]
Gov. Health Exp. (%Bud.) [+]201412.84%chart9.90%2014Gov. Health Exp. (%Bud.) [+]
Defence Expenditure (M.€) [+]20162,500.9chart9,233.72016Defence Expenditure (M.€) [+]
Defence Expenditure (M.$) [+]20162,766.6chart10,412.32016Defence Expenditure (M.$) [+]
Defence Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]20154.44%chart14.65%2011Defence Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]
Expenditure (%GDP) [+]201634.00%chart42.42%2016Expenditure (%GDP) [+]
Expenditure Per Capita [+]20162,937€chart1,496€2016Expenditure Per Capita [+]
Expenditure Per Capita [+]20163,251$chart1,656$2016Expenditure Per Capita [+]
Education Expenditure P.C [+]2014235€chart146€2008Education Expenditure P.C [+]
Education Expenditure P.C [+]2014313$chart215$2008Education Expenditure P.C [+]
Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]2014336€chart216€2014Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]
Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]2014447$chart287$2014Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]
Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]2016127€chart227€2016Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]
Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]2016140$chart255$2016Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]
Moody's Rating [+]04/21/2017Baa3
S&P Rating [+]05/16/2014BBB-
Fitch Rating [+]07/14/2017BBB-
Corruption Index [+]201648chart342016Corruption Index [+]
Competitiveness Ranking [+]201768ºchart86º2017Competitiveness Ranking [+]
Fragile States Index [+]201554.2chart79.62015Fragile States Index [+]
RTI Raking [+]11/01/201660º
Innovation Ranking [+]201648ºchart113º2016Innovation Ranking [+]
Labour
Unemployment Rate [+]September 20175.0%
Unemployment rate [+]2017Q24.8%chart10.5%2016Q3Unemployment rate [+]
Unemployed [+]2017Q2451 m.chart1,272 m.2016Q3Unemployed [+]
NMW [+]2017355.0 $chart230.5 $2013NMW [+]
NMW [+]2017318.5 €chart173.4 €2013NMW [+]
Average Wage [+]20156,851€
Average Wage [+]20157,601$
Human Capital Ranking [+]201539ºchart114º2015Human Capital Ranking [+]
Markets
Euro / Romanian new lei [+]11/17/20174.6400chart135.260311/17/2017Euro / Algerian dinars [+]
Stock ExchangeYTD % [+]11/17/20179.70%
Prices
CPI (overall index) [+]October 20172.6%
HICP [+]October 20172.0%
PPI Year on Year [+]September 20173.3%
Money Market
Key rates [+]05/07/20151.75%
Business
Doing Business [+]201845ºchart166º2018Doing Business [+]
IPI Year on Year [+]September 20176.7%
Passengers vehicles Year [+]June 2017104,475
Annual Vehicles/ 1,000 p. [+]June 20176.52
Motor vehicle production [+]2016359,306
Vehicles / 1,000 people [+]2015304.11chart139.382015Vehicles / 1,000 people [+]
Taxes
Standard VAT [+]01/01/201620.00%chart17.00%01/01/2013Standard VAT [+]
Top tax rate + SSC [+]201616.0%chart35.0%2015Top tax rate + SSC [+]
Trade
Exports [+]201657,391.6 M.€chart26,093.6 M.€2016Exports [+]
Exports [+]201663,519.8 M.$chart28,883.0 M.$2016Exports [+]
Exports % GDP [+]201633.84%chart18.50%2016Exports % GDP [+]
Imports [+]201667,362.0 M.€chart42,214.3 M.€2016Imports [+]
Imports [+]201674,539.3 M.$chart46,727.0 M.$2016Imports [+]
Imports % GDP [+]201639.72%chart29.93%2016Imports % GDP [+]
Trade balance [+]2016-9,970.4 M.€chart-16,120.7 M.€2016Trade balance [+]
Trade balance [+]2016-11,019.5 M.$chart-17,844.0 M.$2016Trade balance [+]
Trade balance % GDP [+]2016-5.88%chart-11.43%2016Trade balance % GDP [+]
Retail Sales YoY [+]September 201713.7%
Socio-Demography
Density [+]201682chart172016Density [+]
Population [+]201619,638,309chart40,762,0002016Population [+]
Immigrant stock [+]2015226,943chart242,3912015Immigrant stock [+]
Remittance received (M.$) [+]20152,932.5chart2,000.02015Remittance received (M.$) [+]
% Immigrant [+]20151.15%chart0.61%2015% Immigrant [+]
Remittance sent (M.$) [+]2015548.4chart191.22015Remittance sent (M.$) [+]
Emigrant stock [+]20153,408,118chart1,763,7712015Emigrant stock [+]
% Emigrant [+]201517.25%chart4.41%2015% Emigrant [+]
HDI [+]20150.802chart0.7452015HDI [+]
Global Peace Ranking [+]201725ºchart109º2017Global Peace Ranking [+]
Gender Gap Ranking [+]201676ºchart120º2016Gender Gap Ranking [+]
Ranking [+]201545º
Birth Rate [+]20169.60‰chart23.90‰2015Birth Rate [+]
Fertility Rate [+]20151.58chart2.842015Fertility Rate [+]
Crude death rate [+]201613.00‰chart4.77‰2015Crude death rate [+]
Life expectancy [+]201575.00chart75.862015Life expectancy [+]
Crude marriage rate [+]20156.30‰
Crude divorce rate [+]20151.60‰
Number of homicides [+]2015291chart5422015Number of homicides [+]
Rate Homicides per 100.000 [+]20151.5chart1.42015Rate Homicides per 100.000 [+]
% risk of poverty [+]201625.3%
Environment and Energy
CO2 Tons per capita [+]20154.16chart3.722015CO2 Tons per capita [+]