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Government
GDP Mill. € [+]201610,772,921M.€chart169,578M.€2016GDP Mill. € [+]
GDP Mill.$ [+]201611,885,664M.$chart187,039M.$2016GDP Mill.$ [+]
GDP per capita [+]201631,700€chart8,600€2016GDP per capita [+]
GDP per capita [+]201634,866$chart9,465$2016GDP per capita [+]
Qu. GDP Per Capita [+]2017Q28,120€chart2,040€2015Q3Qu. GDP Per Capita [+]
Quat. GDP Mill.€ [+]2017Q22,767,995M.€chart40,535M.€2015Q3Quat. GDP Mill.€ [+]
Debt [+]20128,600,983 M.€chart63,008 M.€2016Debt [+]
Debt [+]201211,050,543 M.$chart69,744 M.$2016Debt [+]
Debt (%GDP) [+]201290.60%chart37.60%2016Debt (%GDP) [+]
Debt Per Capita [+]201225,585 €chart3,208 €2016Debt Per Capita [+]
Debt Per Capita [+]201234,059$chart3,559$2016Debt Per Capita [+]
Deficit [+]2012-352,683 M.€chart-5,151 M.€2016Deficit [+]
Deficit [+]2012-453,127 M.$chart-5,701 M.$2016Deficit [+]
Deficit (%GDP) [+]2012-3.70%chart-3.00%2016Deficit (%GDP) [+]
Gov. Health Exp. (M.€) [+]20134,772,568.1chart58,868.42016Gov. Health Exp. (M.€) [+]
Expenditure (M.$) [+]20136,338,447.7chart65,161.42016Expenditure (M.$) [+]
4,705.02014Education Expenditure (M.€) [+]
6,244.12014Education Expenditure (M.$) [+]
9.24%2014Education Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]
6,722.02014Gov. Health Exp. (M.€) [+]
8,930.22014Gov. Health Exp.(M.$) [+]
12.84%2014Gov. Health Exp. (%Bud.) [+]
Defence Expenditure (M.€) [+]2016158,949.6chart2,500.92016Defence Expenditure (M.€) [+]
Defence Expenditure (M.$) [+]2016175,367.6chart2,758.42016Defence Expenditure (M.$) [+]
Defence Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]20154.00%chart4.44%2015Defence Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]
Expenditure (%GDP) [+]201349.80%chart34.70%2016Expenditure (%GDP) [+]
Expenditure Per Capita [+]201314,313€chart2,998€2016Expenditure Per Capita [+]
Expenditure Per Capita [+]201318,792$chart3,318$2016Expenditure Per Capita [+]
238€2014Education Expenditure P.C [+]
313$2014Education Expenditure P.C [+]
340€2014Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]
447$2014Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]
Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]2016468€chart127€2016Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]
Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]2016514$chart140$2016Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]
Baa304/21/2017Moody's Rating [+]
BBB-05/16/2014S&P Rating [+]
BBB-07/14/2017Fitch Rating [+]
482016Corruption Index [+]
53º2016Competitiveness Ranking [+]
54.22015Fragile States Index [+]
60º11/01/2016RTI Raking [+]
48º2016Innovation Ranking [+]
Labour
Unemployment Rate [+]July 20179.1%chart5.2%July 2017Unemployment Rate [+]
5.5%2017Q1Unemployment rate [+]
481 m.2017Q1Unemployed [+]
355.0 $2017NMW [+]
318.5 €2017NMW [+]
6,851€2015Average Wage [+]
7,601$2015Average Wage [+]
39º2015Human Capital Ranking [+]
Markets
4.596509/25/2017Euro / Romanian new lei [+]
Stock ExchangeYTD % [+]09/25/20177.52%chart11.34%09/25/2017Stock ExchangeYTD % [+]
Prices
1.2%August 2017CPI (overall index) [+]
HICP [+]August 20171.5%chart0.6%August 2017HICP [+]
2.4%July 2017PPI Year on Year [+]
Money Market
Key rates [+]03/16/20160%chart1.75%05/07/2015Key rates [+]
Business
36º2017Doing Business [+]
7.6%July 2017IPI Year on Year [+]
104,475June 2017Passengers vehicles Year [+]
6.52June 2017Annual Vehicles/ 1,000 p. [+]
359,3062016Motor vehicle production [+]
304.112015Vehicles / 1,000 people [+]
Taxes
20.00%01/01/2016Standard VAT [+]
16.0%2016Top tax rate + SSC [+]
Trade
57,386.4 M.€2016Exports [+]
63,519.8 M.$2016Exports [+]
33.84%2016Exports % GDP [+]
67,342.0 M.€2016Imports [+]
74,539.3 M.$2016Imports [+]
39.71%2016Imports % GDP [+]
-9,955.7 M.€2016Trade balance [+]
-11,019.5 M.$2016Trade balance [+]
-5.87%2016Trade balance % GDP [+]
10.1%July 2017Retail Sales YoY [+]
Socio-Demography
Density [+]2016124chart822016Density [+]
Population [+]2016340,894,606chart19,638,3092016Population [+]
226,9432015Immigrant stock [+]
2,932.52015Remittance received (M.$) [+]
1.15%2015% Immigrant [+]
548.42015Remittance sent (M.$) [+]
3,408,1182015Emigrant stock [+]
17.25%2015% Emigrant [+]
0.8022015HDI [+]
25º2017Global Peace Ranking [+]
76º2016Gender Gap Ranking [+]
45º2015Ranking [+]
Birth Rate [+]20159.67‰chart9.60‰2016Birth Rate [+]
Fertility Rate [+]20151.56chart1.582015Fertility Rate [+]
Crude death rate [+]201510.07‰chart13.00‰2016Crude death rate [+]
Life expectancy [+]201582.07chart75.002015Life expectancy [+]
6.30‰2015Crude marriage rate [+]
1.60‰2015Crude divorce rate [+]
2912015Number of homicides [+]
1.52015Rate Homicides per 100.000 [+]
% risk of poverty [+]201517.2%chart25.3%2016% risk of poverty [+]
Environment and Energy
4.162015CO2 Tons per capita [+]
  • Capital:
  • Population: 340,894,606
  • Surface Area: 2,759,052 km2
  • Currency: Euros