Poland Poland

Subscribe to our free email alert service

Poland, is a country located at Eastern Europe, it has an area of 312,710 Km2.

Poland, with a population of 36,753,736 people, it is ranked at 38º position by population of 196 countries and has a population density of 118 people per km2.

It's capital is Warsaw and its currency is Polish zlotys

Poland is holding the 22 position by nominal GDP. Its national debt in 2022 was 323,055 millions of euros (339,297 millions of dollars), ( 49.3% debt-to-GDP ratio) and its public debt per capita is €8,790 euros per inhabitant$9,232 dollars per inhabitant.

The last annual rate of CPI published in Poland was on December of 2023 and it was 6.2%.

In terms of the human development index (HDI) of Poland, which is the index used by the United Nations to measure the progress of a country, was 0.876 points in 2021, leaving it in 34th place in the table of 191 countries published.

If the reason to visit Poland are business, you must know it's in the 40th of the Doing Business ranking , which provides objective measures of business regulations for local firms.

In the tables at the bottom of the page, you can see more information about the economy and demography of Poland, if you want to see information about other countries click here

Warsaw: Monthly Temp.
Warsaw: Monthly Rainfall
Poland Economy
Qu. GDP Per Capita [+]2023Q45,069K
Annual GDP [+]2022€654,594M
Annual GDP [+]2022$690,680M
GDP per capita [+]2022€17,300
GDP per capita [+]2022$18,343
Quarterly GDP [+]2023Q4€186,315M
Debt (M.€.) [+]2022323,055
Debt ($M) [+]2022339,297
Debt (%GDP) [+]202249.30%
Debt Per Capita [+]2022€8,790
Debt Per Capita [+]2022$9,232
Deficit (M.€) [+]2022-24,078
Deficit ($M) [+]2022-25,833
Deficit (%GDP) [+]2022-3.70%
Expenditure (M.€) [+]2022287,352.2
Expenditure ($M) [+]2022300,691.8
Education Expenditure (M.€) [+]201823,033.0
Education Expenditure ($M) [+]201827,178.0
Education Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]201911.99%
Gov. Health Exp. (M.€) [+]202232,853,729,113.8
Gov. Health Exp.($M) [+]19986,010,616,302.2
Gov. Health Exp. (%Bud.) [+]201710.94%
Defence Expenditure (M.€) [+]202215,635.1
Defence Expenditure ($M) [+]202216,497.0
Defence Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]20225.84%
Expenditure (%GDP) [+]202243.90%
Expenditure Per Capita [+]2022€7,818
Expenditure Per Capita [+]2022$8,181
Education Expenditure P.C [+]2018€600
Education Expenditure P.C [+]2018$716
Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]2022€873
Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]2017$625
Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]2022€413
Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]2022$438
Moody's Rating [+]04/29/2022A2
S&P Rating [+]10/12/2018A-
Fitch Rating [+]03/27/2020A-
Corruption Index [+]202255
Competitiveness Ranking [+]201937º
Fragile States Index [+]201841.5
RTI Raking [+]202277º
Innovation Ranking [+]201839º
Unemployment Rate [+]December 20232.7%
Unemployment rate [+]2023Q42.9%
Unemployed [+]2023Q4505K
NMW [+]2023$845.9
NMW [+]2024€977.5
Average Wage [+]2022$16,391
Average Wage [+]2022€15,566
Human Capital Ranking [+]201731º
Euro / Polish zlotys [+]02/20/20244.3248
US Dollar exchange rate [+]02/20/20243.9994
Stock ExchangeYTD % [+]12/29/20240%
CPI (overall index) [+]December 20236.2%
HICP [+]December 20236.2%
PPI Year on Year [+]December 2023-6.3%
Money Market
Key rates [+]10/05/20235.75%
Doing Business [+]202040º
IPI Year on Year [+]December 20230.5%
Passengers vehicles Year [+]December 2022419,749
Annual Vehicles/ 1,000 p. [+]December 202214.10
Motor vehicle production [+]2022483,840
Vehicles / 1,000 people [+]2021800.34
Tax Revenue (%GDP) [+]202235.0%
Standard VAT [+]01/01/201123.00%
Top tax rate + SSC [+]202245.4%
Annual arrivals [+]201921,158,000
Exports [+]2023€355,763.7M
Exports [+]2023$350,628.8M
Exports % GDP [+]202252.38%
Imports [+]2023€344,022.0M
Imports [+]2023$338,412.6M
Imports % GDP [+]202255.38%
Trade balance [+]2023€11,297.7M
Trade balance [+]2023$12,696.3M
Trade balance % GDP [+]2022-3.00%
Retail Sales YoY [+]December 2023-17.2%
Global AgeWatch Ranking [+]201532º
Density [+]2022118
Global Peace Ranking [+]202329º
Crude divorce rate [+]20211.60‰
Remittance received ($M) [+]20176,805.3
% Immigrant [+]20202.16%
% Emigrant [+]202012.75%
Birth Rate [+]20228.30‰
Remittance sent ($M) [+]20171,669.9
Crude death rate [+]202212.20‰
Fertility Rate [+]20211.33
Crude marriage rate [+]20214.50‰
% risk of poverty [+]202213.7%
Population [+]202236,753,736
Immigrant stock [+]2020817,254
Emigrant stock [+]20204,825,096
HDI [+]20210.876
Gender Gap Ranking [+]202360º
Life expectancy [+]202277.40
Suicides [+]20214,604
Suicide rate [+]202112.23
Number of homicides [+]2022270
Rate Homicides per 100.000 [+]20220.68
Energy and Environment
CO2 Tons per capita [+]20218.48
Annual crude oil production [+]202217
Crude Oil Reserves [+]2021113.0
Consumption GWh [+]2021158,194
Generation GWh [+]2021166,557
COVID-19 - Deaths [+]02/04/2024120,577
COVID-19 - Confirmed [+]02/04/20246,653,365
Fully vaccinated [+]11/09/202322,649,355
COVID-19 - Deaths per million population [+]02/04/20243,280.67
Doses administered [+]11/10/202358,032,403