Eritrea Eritrea

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Eritrea, is a country located at Eastern Africa, it has an area of 121,630 Km2.

Eritrea, with a population of 3,620,312 people, it is one of the least populous country in the world and it has a moderate population density, 30 people per km2.

It's capital is Asmara and its currency is Nakfa

Eritrea is holding the 177 position by nominal GDP. Its national debt in 2020 was 3,325 millions of euros (3,794 millions of dollars), ( 179.66% debt-to-GDP ratio) and its public debt per capita is €935 euros per inhabitant$1,067 dollars per inhabitant.

In terms of the human development index (HDI) of Eritrea, which is the index used by the United Nations to measure the progress of a country, was 0.492 points in 2021, leaving it in 176th place in the table of 191 countries published.

If the reason to visit Eritrea are business, you must know it's in the 189th of the Doing Business ranking , which provides objective measures of business regulations for local firms.

In the tables at the bottom of the page, you can see more information about the economy and demography of Eritrea, if you want to see information about other countries click here

Asmara: Monthly Temp.
Asmara: Monthly Rainfall
Eritrea Economy
Gouvernement
Annual GDP [+]2019€1,770M
Annual GDP [+]2019$1,982M
GDP per capita [+]2019€506
GDP per capita [+]2019$566
Debt (M.€.) [+]20203,325
Debt ($M) [+]20203,794
Debt (%GDP) [+]2020179.66%
Debt Per Capita [+]2020€935
Debt Per Capita [+]2020$1,067
Deficit (M.€) [+]2020-81
Deficit ($M) [+]2020-92
Deficit (%GDP) [+]2020-4.36%
Expenditure (M.€) [+]2020656.3
Expenditure ($M) [+]2020749.0
Education Expenditure (M.€) [+]200615.9
Education Expenditure ($M) [+]200625.8
Education Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]20065.45%
Gov. Health Exp. (M.€) [+]202116.5
Gov. Health Exp.($M) [+]202119.5
Gov. Health Exp. (%Bud.) [+]20212.35%
Defence Expenditure (M.€) [+]2003124.2
Defence Expenditure ($M) [+]2003140.4
Defence Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]200331.14%
Expenditure (%GDP) [+]202137.38%
Expenditure Per Capita [+]2020€185
Expenditure Per Capita [+]2020$211
Education Expenditure P.C [+]2006€5
Education Expenditure P.C [+]2006$7
Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]2021€5
Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]2021$5
Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]2003€48
Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]2003$54
Corruption Index [+]202222
Fragile States Index [+]201897.2
Business
Doing Business [+]2020189º
Trade
Annual arrivals [+]2016142,000
Exports [+]2023€458.0M
Exports [+]2023$495.2M
Exports % GDP [+]201926.72%
Imports [+]2023€484.6M
Imports [+]2023$524.0M
Imports % GDP [+]201928.51%
Trade balance [+]2023€-26.6M
Trade balance [+]2023$-28.8M
Trade balance % GDP [+]2019-1.79%
Socio-Demography
Density [+]202130
Global Peace Ranking [+]2023133º
% Immigrant [+]20200.39%
% Emigrant [+]202022.58%
Birth Rate [+]202228.43‰
Remittance sent ($M) [+]201712.5
Crude death rate [+]20226.73‰
Fertility Rate [+]20223.79
% risk of poverty [+]199369.0%
Population [+]20213,620,312
Immigrant stock [+]202013,934
Emigrant stock [+]2020802,822
HDI [+]20210.492
Life expectancy [+]202266.60
Suicides [+]2015352
Suicide rate [+]201510.53
Number of homicides [+]2012474
Rate Homicides per 100.000 [+]201214.57
Energy and Environment
CO2 Tons per capita [+]20220.14
Consumption GWh [+]2022337
Generation GWh [+]2022388
Others
COVID-19 - Deaths [+]06/16/2024103
COVID-19 - Confirmed [+]06/16/202410,189
COVID-19 - Deaths per million population [+]06/16/202428.45