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Government
GDP Mill. € [+]201612,673M.€chart169,578M.€2016GDP Mill. € [+]
GDP Mill.$ [+]201614,027M.$chart187,039M.$2016GDP Mill.$ [+]
GDP per capita [+]20164,398€chart8,600€2016GDP per capita [+]
GDP per capita [+]20164,868$chart9,465$2016GDP per capita [+]
2,040€2015Q3Qu. GDP Per Capita [+]
40,535M.€2015Q3Quat. GDP Mill.€ [+]
Debt [+]201614,600 M.€chart63,008 M.€2016Debt [+]
Debt [+]201616,161 M.$chart69,744 M.$2016Debt [+]
Debt (%GDP) [+]2016115.16%chart37.60%2016Debt (%GDP) [+]
Debt Per Capita [+]20165,067 €chart3,208 €2016Debt Per Capita [+]
Debt Per Capita [+]20165,606$chart3,559$2016Debt Per Capita [+]
Deficit [+]2016-117 M.€chart-5,151 M.€2016Deficit [+]
Deficit [+]2016-130 M.$chart-5,701 M.$2016Deficit [+]
Deficit (%GDP) [+]2016-0.93%chart-3.00%2016Deficit (%GDP) [+]
Gov. Health Exp. (M.€) [+]20163,657.3chart58,868.42016Gov. Health Exp. (M.€) [+]
Expenditure (M.$) [+]20164,048.3chart65,161.42016Expenditure (M.$) [+]
Education Expenditure (M.€) [+]2015699.9chart4,705.02014Education Expenditure (M.€) [+]
Education Expenditure (M.$) [+]2015776.6chart6,244.12014Education Expenditure (M.$) [+]
Education Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]201520.05%chart9.24%2014Education Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]
6,722.02014Gov. Health Exp. (M.€) [+]
8,930.22014Gov. Health Exp.(M.$) [+]
Gov. Health Exp. (%Bud.) [+]20148.08%chart12.84%2014Gov. Health Exp. (%Bud.) [+]
Defence Expenditure (M.€) [+]2016104.4chart2,500.92016Defence Expenditure (M.€) [+]
Defence Expenditure (M.$) [+]2016115.6chart2,758.42016Defence Expenditure (M.$) [+]
Defence Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]20152.76%chart4.44%2015Defence Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]
Expenditure (%GDP) [+]201628.85%chart34.70%2016Expenditure (%GDP) [+]
Expenditure Per Capita [+]20161,269€chart2,998€2016Expenditure Per Capita [+]
Expenditure Per Capita [+]20161,405$chart3,318$2016Expenditure Per Capita [+]
Education Expenditure P.C [+]2015249€chart238€2014Education Expenditure P.C [+]
Education Expenditure P.C [+]2015276$chart313$2014Education Expenditure P.C [+]
Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]2014105€chart340€2014Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]
Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]2014139$chart447$2014Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]
Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]201636€chart127€2016Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]
Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]201640$chart140$2016Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]
Moody's Rating [+]11/21/2016B3Baa304/21/2017Moody's Rating [+]
S&P Rating [+]06/03/2015BBBB-05/16/2014S&P Rating [+]
Fitch Rating [+]02/03/2017BBBB-07/14/2017Fitch Rating [+]
Corruption Index [+]201639chart482016Corruption Index [+]
Competitiveness Ranking [+]201686ºchart53º2016Competitiveness Ranking [+]
Fragile States Index [+]201564.6chart54.22015Fragile States Index [+]
RTI Raking [+]10/01/201651ºchart60º11/01/2016RTI Raking [+]
Innovation Ranking [+]201689ºchart48º2016Innovation Ranking [+]
Labour
5.2%July 2017Unemployment Rate [+]
Unemployment rate [+]2017Q112.7%chart5.5%2017Q1Unemployment rate [+]
Unemployed [+]2017Q1173 m.chart481 m.2017Q1Unemployed [+]
355.0 $2017NMW [+]
318.5 €2017NMW [+]
6,851€2015Average Wage [+]
7,601$2015Average Wage [+]
Human Capital Ranking [+]201574ºchart39º2015Human Capital Ranking [+]
Markets
4.599009/19/2017Euro / Romanian new lei [+]
12.59%09/19/2017Stock ExchangeYTD % [+]
Prices
1.2%August 2017CPI (overall index) [+]
0.6%August 2017HICP [+]
2.4%July 2017PPI Year on Year [+]
Money Market
1.75%05/07/2015Key rates [+]
Business
Doing Business [+]201767ºchart36º2017Doing Business [+]
7.6%July 2017IPI Year on Year [+]
104,475June 2017Passengers vehicles Year [+]
6.52June 2017Annual Vehicles/ 1,000 p. [+]
359,3062016Motor vehicle production [+]
Vehicles / 1,000 people [+]201567.52chart304.112015Vehicles / 1,000 people [+]
Taxes
Standard VAT [+]01/01/201216.50%chart20.00%01/01/2016Standard VAT [+]
Top tax rate + SSC [+]201525.0%chart16.0%2016Top tax rate + SSC [+]
Trade
Exports [+]20161,048.0 M.€chart57,386.4 M.€2016Exports [+]
Exports [+]20161,160.0 M.$chart63,519.8 M.$2016Exports [+]
Exports % GDP [+]20168.27%chart33.84%2016Exports % GDP [+]
Imports [+]20164,246.1 M.€chart67,342.0 M.€2016Imports [+]
Imports [+]20164,700.0 M.$chart74,539.3 M.$2016Imports [+]
Imports % GDP [+]201633.51%chart39.71%2016Imports % GDP [+]
Trade balance [+]2016-3,198.1 M.€chart-9,955.7 M.€2016Trade balance [+]
Trade balance [+]2016-3,540.0 M.$chart-11,019.5 M.$2016Trade balance [+]
Trade balance % GDP [+]2016-25.24%chart-5.87%2016Trade balance % GDP [+]
10.1%July 2017Retail Sales YoY [+]
Socio-Demography
Density [+]2016262chart822016Density [+]
Population [+]20162,881,355chart19,638,3092016Population [+]
Immigrant stock [+]201523,167chart226,9432015Immigrant stock [+]
Remittance received (M.$) [+]20152,360.9chart2,932.52015Remittance received (M.$) [+]
% Immigrant [+]20150.82%chart1.15%2015% Immigrant [+]
Remittance sent (M.$) [+]201543.5chart548.42015Remittance sent (M.$) [+]
Emigrant stock [+]20151,067,455chart3,408,1182015Emigrant stock [+]
% Emigrant [+]201537.93%chart17.25%2015% Emigrant [+]
HDI [+]20150.730chart0.8022015HDI [+]
Global Peace Ranking [+]201792ºchart25º2017Global Peace Ranking [+]
Gender Gap Ranking [+]201642ºchart76º2016Gender Gap Ranking [+]
45º2015Ranking [+]
Birth Rate [+]201517.23‰chart9.60‰2016Birth Rate [+]
Fertility Rate [+]20152.03chart1.582015Fertility Rate [+]
Crude death rate [+]20156.91‰chart13.00‰2016Crude death rate [+]
Life expectancy [+]201575.80chart75.002015Life expectancy [+]
6.30‰2015Crude marriage rate [+]
1.60‰2015Crude divorce rate [+]
Number of homicides [+]20151,207chart2912015Number of homicides [+]
Rate Homicides per 100.000 [+]201543.2chart1.52015Rate Homicides per 100.000 [+]
25.3%2016% risk of poverty [+]
Environment and Energy
CO2 Tons per capita [+]20153.29chart4.162015CO2 Tons per capita [+]