Estonia Estonia

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Estonia, is a country located at Northern Europe, it has an area of 45,340 Km2 and it may be considered quite a small country.

Estonia, with a population of 1,330,068 people, it is one of the least populous country in the world and it has a moderate population density, 29 people per km2.

It's capital is Tallinn and its currency is Euros

Estonia is holding the 102 position by nominal GDP. Its national debt in 2020 was 4,953 millions of euros (5,657 millions of dollars), ( 18.2% debt-to-GDP ratio) and its public debt per capita is 3,724€ euros per inhabitant4,253$ dollars per inhabitant.

The last annual rate of CPI published in Estonia was on April of 2021 and it was 1.9%.

In terms of the human development index (HDI) of Estonia, which is the index used by the United Nations to measure the progress of a country, was 0.892 points in 2019, leaving it in 29th place in the table of 189 countries published.

If the reason to visit Estonia are business, you must know it's in the 16th of the Doing Business ranking , which provides objective measures of business regulations for local firms.

In the tables at the bottom of the page, you can see more information about the economy and demography of Estonia, if you want to see information about other countries click here

Tallinn: Monthly Temp.
Tallinn: Monthly Rainfall
Estonia Economy
Qu. GDP Per Capita [+]2021Q25,560€
Annual GDP [+]202026,835M.€
Annual GDP [+]202031,005M.$
GDP per capita [+]202020,190€
GDP per capita [+]202023,311$
Quarterly GDP [+]2021Q27,395M.€
Debt (M.€.) [+]20204,953
Debt (M.$.) [+]20205,657
Debt (%GDP) [+]202018.20%
Debt Per Capita [+]20203,724€
Debt Per Capita [+]20204,253$
Deficit (M.€) [+]2020-1,332
Deficit (M.$) [+]2020-1,521
Deficit (%GDP) [+]2020-4.90%
Expenditure (M.€) [+]202012,260.2
Expenditure (M.$) [+]202014,003.6
Education Expenditure (M.€) [+]20161,125.1
Education Expenditure (M.$) [+]20161,255.5
Education Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]201613.11%
Gov. Health Exp. (M.€) [+]20201,710.6
Gov. Health Exp.(M.$) [+]20201,953.8
Gov. Health Exp. (%Bud.) [+]201712.22%
Defence Expenditure (M.€) [+]2019588.0
Defence Expenditure (M.$) [+]2019667.4
Defence Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]20195.33%
Expenditure (%GDP) [+]202045.10%
Expenditure Per Capita [+]20209,218€
Expenditure Per Capita [+]202010,528$
Education Expenditure P.C [+]2016855€
Education Expenditure P.C [+]2016954$
Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]20201,287€
Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]20201,470$
Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]2019444€
Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]2019503$
Moody's Rating [+]03/05/2021A1
S&P Rating [+]08/09/2011AA-
Fitch Rating [+]03/27/2020AA-
Corruption Index [+]202075
Competitiveness Ranking [+]201931º
Fragile States Index [+]201843.0
RTI Raking [+]09/28/201848º
Innovation Ranking [+]201824º
Unemployment Rate [+]July 20216.5%
Unemployment rate [+]2021Q26.9%
Unemployed [+]2021Q247 m.
NMW [+]2021716.6 $
NMW [+]2021584.0 €
Average Wage [+]202016,637€
Average Wage [+]202019,002$
Human Capital Ranking [+]201712º
US Dollar exchange rate [+]09/23/20210.8536
Stock ExchangeYTD % [+]09/23/202145.86%
CPI (overall index) [+]April 20211.9%
HICP [+]August 20215.0%
PPI Year on Year [+]August 202122.3%
Money Market
Key rates [+]10/17/20170%
Doing Business [+]201916º
IPI Year on Year [+]July 20219.9%
Passengers vehicles Year [+]April 202120,402
Annual Vehicles/ 1,000 p. [+]April 202118.69
Vehicles / 1,000 people [+]2015595.16
Standard VAT [+]07/01/200920.00%
Top tax rate + SSC [+]20202.2%
Annual arrivals [+]20193,345,323
Exports [+]202014,308.7 M.€
Exports [+]202016,375.2 M.$
Exports % GDP [+]202053.32%
Imports [+]202015,155.0 M.€
Imports [+]202017,334.9 M.$
Imports % GDP [+]202056.48%
Trade balance [+]2020-846.2 M.€
Trade balance [+]2020-959.7 M.$
Trade balance % GDP [+]2020-3.15%
Retail Sales YoY [+]July 202110.5%
Global AgeWatch Ranking [+]201523º
Density [+]202029
Global Peace Ranking [+]202130º
Crude divorce rate [+]20192.10‰
Remittance received (M.$) [+]2017559.3
% Immigrant [+]201914.32%
% Emigrant [+]201915.67%
Birth Rate [+]20209.90‰
Remittance sent (M.$) [+]2017201.5
Crude death rate [+]202011.90‰
Fertility Rate [+]20191.66
Crude marriage rate [+]20195.00‰
% risk of poverty [+]202020.7%
Population [+]20201,330,068
Immigrant stock [+]2019190,242
Emigrant stock [+]2019208,257
HDI [+]20190.892
Gender Gap Ranking [+]202026º
Life expectancy [+]202078.60
Suicides [+]2019195
Suicide rate [+]201914.50
Number of homicides [+]201923
Rate Homicides per 100.000 [+]20191.73
Energy and Environment
CO2 Tons per capita [+]201914.19
Consumption GWh [+]20198,858
Generation GWh [+]20197,281
COVID-19 - Deaths [+]09/22/20211,335
COVID-19 - Confirmed [+]09/22/2021151,292
Fully vaccinated [+]09/23/2021594,975
COVID-19 - Deaths per million population [+]09/22/20211,003.71
Doses administered [+]09/23/20211,345,947