Estonia Estonia

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Estonia, is a country located at Northern Europe, it has an area of 45,340 Km2 and it may be considered quite a small country.

Estonia, with a population of 1,330,068 people, it is one of the least populous country in the world and it has a moderate population density, 29 people per km2.

It's capital is Tallinn and its currency is Euros

Estonia is holding the 98 position by nominal GDP. Its national debt in 2021 was 5,535 millions of euros (6,551 millions of dollars), ( 18.1% debt-to-GDP ratio) and its public debt per capita is €4,161 euros per inhabitant$4,925 dollars per inhabitant.

The last annual rate of CPI published in Estonia was on April of 2022 and it was 18.9%.

In terms of the human development index (HDI) of Estonia, which is the index used by the United Nations to measure the progress of a country, was 0.892 points in 2019, leaving it in 29th place in the table of 189 countries published.

If the reason to visit Estonia are business, you must know it's in the 16th of the Doing Business ranking , which provides objective measures of business regulations for local firms.

In the tables at the bottom of the page, you can see more information about the economy and demography of Estonia, if you want to see information about other countries click here

Tallinn: Monthly Temp.
Tallinn: Monthly Rainfall
Estonia Economy
Qu. GDP Per Capita [+]2021Q46,178K
Annual GDP [+]2021€30,660M
Annual GDP [+]2021$36,287M
GDP per capita [+]2021€23,060
GDP per capita [+]2021$27,282
Quarterly GDP [+]2021Q4€8,217M
Debt (M.€.) [+]20215,535
Debt ($M) [+]20216,551
Debt (%GDP) [+]202118.10%
Debt Per Capita [+]2021€4,161
Debt Per Capita [+]2021$4,925
Deficit (M.€) [+]2021-721
Deficit ($M) [+]2021-853
Deficit (%GDP) [+]2021-2.40%
Expenditure (M.€) [+]202112,980.6
Expenditure ($M) [+]202115,514.9
Education Expenditure (M.€) [+]20181,352.6
Education Expenditure ($M) [+]20181,598.0
Education Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]201813.39%
Gov. Health Exp. (M.€) [+]20201,710.6
Gov. Health Exp.($M) [+]20201,953.8
Gov. Health Exp. (%Bud.) [+]201712.22%
Defence Expenditure (M.€) [+]2020615.2
Defence Expenditure ($M) [+]2020693.6
Defence Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]20205.00%
Expenditure (%GDP) [+]202142.30%
Expenditure Per Capita [+]2021€9,759
Expenditure Per Capita [+]2021$11,665
Education Expenditure P.C [+]2018€1,025
Education Expenditure P.C [+]2018$1,209
Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]2020€1,287
Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]2020$1,470
Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]2020€463
Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]2020$531
Moody's Rating [+]04/29/2022A1
S&P Rating [+]03/31/2022AA-
Fitch Rating [+]03/27/2020AA-
Corruption Index [+]202174
Competitiveness Ranking [+]201931º
Fragile States Index [+]201843.0
RTI Raking [+]09/28/201848º
Innovation Ranking [+]201824º
Unemployment Rate [+]March 20225.4%
Unemployment rate [+]2021Q45.2%
Unemployed [+]2021Q436K
NMW [+]2022$740.7
NMW [+]2022€654.0
Average Wage [+]2021$21,677
Average Wage [+]2021€18,329
Human Capital Ranking [+]201712º
US Dollar exchange rate [+]05/19/20220.9501
Stock ExchangeYTD % [+]05/19/2022-9.08%
CPI (overall index) [+]April 202218.9%
HICP [+]April 202219.1%
PPI Year on Year [+]March 202247.6%
Money Market
Key rates [+]03/16/20160%
Doing Business [+]201916º
IPI Year on Year [+]March 20227.9%
Passengers vehicles Year [+]April 202221,182
Annual Vehicles/ 1,000 p. [+]March 202220.21
Vehicles / 1,000 people [+]2020713.70
Tax Revenue (%GDP) [+]202134.4%
Standard VAT [+]07/01/200920.00%
Top tax rate + SSC [+]20202.2%
Annual arrivals [+]20193,345,323
Exports [+]2021€18,217.2M
Exports [+]2021$21,520.6M
Exports % GDP [+]202159.42%
Imports [+]2021€19,986.3M
Imports [+]2021$23,589.1M
Imports % GDP [+]202165.19%
Trade balance [+]2021€-1,769.1M
Trade balance [+]2021$-2,068.6M
Trade balance % GDP [+]2021-5.77%
Retail Sales YoY [+]March 202218.3%
Global AgeWatch Ranking [+]201523º
Density [+]202029
Global Peace Ranking [+]202130º
Crude divorce rate [+]20201.90‰
Remittance received ($M) [+]2017559.3
% Immigrant [+]201914.31%
% Emigrant [+]201915.67%
Birth Rate [+]20209.90‰
Remittance sent ($M) [+]2017201.5
Crude death rate [+]202011.90‰
Fertility Rate [+]20201.58
Crude marriage rate [+]20204.60‰
% risk of poverty [+]202020.7%
Population [+]20201,330,068
Immigrant stock [+]2019190,242
Emigrant stock [+]2019208,257
HDI [+]20190.892
Gender Gap Ranking [+]202026º
Life expectancy [+]202176.90
Suicides [+]2019195
Suicide rate [+]201914.85
Number of homicides [+]201923
Rate Homicides per 100.000 [+]20191.73
Energy and Environment
CO2 Tons per capita [+]202011.05
Consumption GWh [+]20209,172
Generation GWh [+]20205,902
COVID-19 - Deaths [+]05/18/20222,561
COVID-19 - Confirmed [+]05/18/2022575,046
Fully vaccinated [+]05/17/2022845,953
COVID-19 - Deaths per million population [+]05/18/20221,925.47
Doses administered [+]05/17/20221,987,124