Romania Romania

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Romania, is a country located at Eastern Europe, it has an area of 238,400 Km2.

Romania, with a population of 19,201,662 people, it is ranked at 62º position by population of 196 countries and it has a moderate population density, 81 people per km2.

It's capital is Bucharest and its currency is Romanian new lei

Romania is holding the 47 position by nominal GDP. Its national debt in 2021 was 116,618 millions of euros (137,924 millions of dollars), ( 48.8% debt-to-GDP ratio) and its public debt per capita is €6,073 euros per inhabitant$7,183 dollars per inhabitant.

The last annual rate of CPI published in Romania was on April of 2022 and it was 13.8%.

In terms of the human development index (HDI) of Romania, which is the index used by the United Nations to measure the progress of a country, was 0.828 points in 2019, leaving it in 49th place in the table of 189 countries published.

If the reason to visit Romania are business, you must know it's in the 52th of the Doing Business ranking , which provides objective measures of business regulations for local firms.

In the tables at the bottom of the page, you can see more information about the economy and demography of Romania, if you want to see information about other countries click here

Bucharest: Monthly Temp.
Bucharest: Monthly Rainfall
Romania Economy
Gouvernement
Qu. GDP Per Capita [+]2021Q43,216K
Annual GDP [+]2021€240,154M
Annual GDP [+]2021$284,030M
GDP per capita [+]2021€12,510
GDP per capita [+]2021$14,792
Quarterly GDP [+]2021Q4€61,745M
Debt (M.€.) [+]2021116,618
Debt ($M) [+]2021137,924
Debt (%GDP) [+]202148.80%
Debt Per Capita [+]2021€6,073
Debt Per Capita [+]2021$7,183
Deficit (M.€) [+]2021-17,063
Deficit ($M) [+]2021-20,180
Deficit (%GDP) [+]2021-7.10%
Expenditure (M.€) [+]202195,903.5
Expenditure ($M) [+]2021113,425.1
Education Expenditure (M.€) [+]20186,839.9
Education Expenditure ($M) [+]20188,076.1
Education Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]201810.46%
Gov. Health Exp. (M.€) [+]201910,305.1
Gov. Health Exp.($M) [+]201911,536.6
Gov. Health Exp. (%Bud.) [+]201712.05%
Defence Expenditure (M.€) [+]20204,430.5
Defence Expenditure ($M) [+]20205,067.1
Defence Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]20204.81%
Expenditure (%GDP) [+]202139.90%
Expenditure Per Capita [+]2021€4,995
Expenditure Per Capita [+]2021$5,907
Education Expenditure P.C [+]2018€351
Education Expenditure P.C [+]2018$413
Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]2019€532
Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]2019$596
Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]2020€230
Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]2020$298
Moody's Rating [+]10/15/2021Baa3
S&P Rating [+]04/16/2021BBB-
Fitch Rating [+]05/01/2020BBB-
Corruption Index [+]202145
Competitiveness Ranking [+]201951º
Fragile States Index [+]201849.4
RTI Raking [+]09/28/201868º
Innovation Ranking [+]201849º
Labour
Unemployment Rate [+]March 20225.7%
Unemployment rate [+]2021Q45.9%
Unemployed [+]2021Q4486K
NMW [+]2022$583.4
NMW [+]2022€515.3
Average Wage [+]2021$14,999
Average Wage [+]2021€12,682
Human Capital Ranking [+]201742º
Markets
Euro / Romanian new lei [+]05/16/20224.9469
US Dollar exchange rate [+]05/16/20224.7475
Stock ExchangeYTD % [+]05/13/2022-7.11%
Prices
CPI (overall index) [+]April 202213.8%
HICP [+]March 20229.6%
PPI Year on Year [+]March 202267.6%
Money Market
Key rates [+]05/11/20223.75%
Business
Doing Business [+]201952º
IPI Year on Year [+]March 2022-2.3%
Passengers vehicles Year [+]March 2022129,424
Annual Vehicles/ 1,000 p. [+]March 20227.93
Motor vehicle production [+]2020438,107
Vehicles / 1,000 people [+]2020442.80
Taxes
Tax Revenue (%GDP) [+]202027.0%
Standard VAT [+]01/01/201620.00%
Top tax rate + SSC [+]202010.0%
Trade
Annual arrivals [+]20192,683,748
Exports [+]2021€73,919.7M
Exports [+]2020$70,720.2M
Exports % GDP [+]202130.78%
Imports [+]2021€98,356.9M
Imports [+]2020$92,122.3M
Imports % GDP [+]202140.96%
Trade balance [+]2021€-24,437.2M
Trade balance [+]2020$-21,402.1M
Trade balance % GDP [+]2021-10.18%
Retail Sales YoY [+]March 20225.4%
Socio-Demography
Global AgeWatch Ranking [+]201545º
Density [+]202081
Global Peace Ranking [+]202125º
Crude divorce rate [+]20201.20‰
Remittance received ($M) [+]20174,943.6
% Immigrant [+]20192.39%
% Emigrant [+]201918.48%
Birth Rate [+]202010.30‰
Remittance sent ($M) [+]2017590.7
Crude death rate [+]202015.50‰
Fertility Rate [+]20201.80
Crude marriage rate [+]20204.20‰
% risk of poverty [+]202023.4%
Population [+]202019,201,662
Immigrant stock [+]2019462,552
Emigrant stock [+]20193,572,794
HDI [+]20190.828
Gender Gap Ranking [+]202055º
Life expectancy [+]202172.90
Suicides [+]20191,743
Suicide rate [+]20199.04
Number of homicides [+]2019244
Rate Homicides per 100.000 [+]20191.26
Energy and Environment
CO2 Tons per capita [+]20203.91
Annual crude oil production [+]202166
Crude Oil Reserves [+]2021600.0
Consumption GWh [+]201950,039
Generation GWh [+]202051,791
Others
COVID-19 - Deaths [+]05/14/202265,606
COVID-19 - Confirmed [+]05/14/20222,902,790
Fully vaccinated [+]05/13/20228,102,618
COVID-19 - Deaths per million population [+]05/14/20223,416.68
Doses administered [+]05/13/202216,792,454