Romania Romania

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Romania, is a country located at Eastern Europe, it has an area of 238,400 Km2.

Romania, with a population of 19,328,838 people, it is ranked at 61º position by population of 196 countries and it has a moderate population density, 81 people per km2.

It's capital is Bucharest and its currency is Romanian new lei

Romania is holding the 47 position by nominal GDP. Its national debt in 2020 was 102,531 millions of euros (117,111 millions of dollars), ( 47.3% debt-to-GDP ratio) and its public debt per capita is 5,305€ euros per inhabitant6,059$ dollars per inhabitant.

The last annual rate of CPI published in Romania was on May of 2021 and it was 3.8%.

In terms of the human development index (HDI) of Romania, which is the index used by the United Nations to measure the progress of a country, was 0.828 points in 2019, leaving it in 49th place in the table of 189 countries published.

If the reason to visit Romania are business, you must know it's in the 52th of the Doing Business ranking , which provides objective measures of business regulations for local firms.

In the tables at the bottom of the page, you can see more information about the economy and demography of Romania, if you want to see information about other countries click here

Bucharest: Monthly Temp.
Bucharest: Monthly Rainfall
Romania Economy
Qu. GDP Per Capita [+]2021Q13,022€
Annual GDP [+]2020218,165M.€
Annual GDP [+]2020249,188M.$
GDP per capita [+]202011,290€
GDP per capita [+]202012,892$
Quarterly GDP [+]2021Q158,404M.€
Debt (M.€.) [+]2020102,531
Debt (M.$.) [+]2020117,111
Debt (%GDP) [+]202047.30%
Debt Per Capita [+]20205,305€
Debt Per Capita [+]20206,059$
Deficit (M.€) [+]2020-20,179
Deficit (M.$) [+]2020-23,048
Deficit (%GDP) [+]2020-9.20%
Expenditure (M.€) [+]202092,451.3
Expenditure (M.$) [+]2020105,597.9
Education Expenditure (M.€) [+]20165,057.9
Education Expenditure (M.$) [+]20165,595.2
Education Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]20169.51%
Gov. Health Exp. (M.€) [+]20177,611.2
Gov. Health Exp.(M.$) [+]20178,580.9
Gov. Health Exp. (%Bud.) [+]201712.05%
Defence Expenditure (M.€) [+]20194,542.7
Defence Expenditure (M.$) [+]20195,086.6
Defence Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]20196.08%
Expenditure (%GDP) [+]202042.40%
Expenditure Per Capita [+]20204,783€
Expenditure Per Capita [+]20205,463$
Education Expenditure P.C [+]2016257€
Education Expenditure P.C [+]2016283$
Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]2017386€
Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]2017436$
Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]2019234€
Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]2019262$
Moody's Rating [+]04/24/2020Baa3
S&P Rating [+]05/16/2014BBB-
Fitch Rating [+]05/01/2020BBB-
Corruption Index [+]202044
Competitiveness Ranking [+]201951º
Fragile States Index [+]201849.4
RTI Raking [+]09/28/201868º
Innovation Ranking [+]201849º
Unemployment Rate [+]April 20215.7%
Unemployment rate [+]2020Q45.2%
Unemployed [+]2020Q4470 m.
NMW [+]2021562.3 $
NMW [+]2021458.1 €
Average Wage [+]201912,047€
Average Wage [+]201913,487$
Human Capital Ranking [+]201742º
Euro / Romanian new lei [+]06/17/20214.9242
US Dollar exchange rate [+]06/17/20214.1226
Stock ExchangeYTD % [+]06/16/202118.26%
CPI (overall index) [+]May 20213.8%
HICP [+]May 20213.2%
PPI Year on Year [+]April 20218.2%
Money Market
Key rates [+]01/18/20211.25%
Doing Business [+]201952º
IPI Year on Year [+]April 202164.5%
Passengers vehicles Year [+]April 2021121,675
Annual Vehicles/ 1,000 p. [+]April 20217.35
Motor vehicle production [+]2020438,107
Vehicles / 1,000 people [+]2015304.10
Standard VAT [+]01/01/201620.00%
Top tax rate + SSC [+]202010.0%
Annual arrivals [+]20192,683,748
Exports [+]202061,777.7 M.€
Exports [+]202070,720.2 M.$
Exports % GDP [+]202028.32%
Imports [+]202080,475.2 M.€
Imports [+]202092,122.3 M.$
Imports % GDP [+]202036.89%
Trade balance [+]2020-18,697.5 M.€
Trade balance [+]2020-21,402.1 M.$
Trade balance % GDP [+]2020-8.57%
Retail Sales YoY [+]April 202138.4%
Global AgeWatch Ranking [+]201545º
Density [+]201981
Global Peace Ranking [+]202022º
Crude divorce rate [+]20191.60‰
Remittance received (M.$) [+]20174,943.6
% Immigrant [+]20192.39%
% Emigrant [+]201918.48%
Birth Rate [+]201910.30‰
Remittance sent (M.$) [+]2017590.7
Crude death rate [+]201913.40‰
Fertility Rate [+]20191.77
Crude marriage rate [+]20196.60‰
% risk of poverty [+]201625.3%
Population [+]201919,328,838
Immigrant stock [+]2019462,552
Emigrant stock [+]20193,572,794
HDI [+]20190.828
Gender Gap Ranking [+]202055º
Life expectancy [+]202074.20
Suicides [+]20181,941
Suicide rate [+]201810.09
Number of homicides [+]2018250
Rate Homicides per 100.000 [+]20181.28
Energy and Environment
CO2 Tons per capita [+]20194.04
Annual crude oil production [+]202068
Crude Oil Reserves [+]2021600.0
Consumption GWh [+]201955,008
Generation GWh [+]201957,516
COVID-19 - Deaths [+]06/15/202131,957
COVID-19 - Confirmed [+]06/15/20211,079,879
Fully vaccinated [+]06/16/20214,219,071
COVID-19 - Deaths per million population [+]06/15/20211,653.33
Doses administered [+]06/16/20218,568,228