Romania, is a country located at Eastern Europe, it has an area of 238,400 Km2,

Romania, with a population of 19,317,984 people, it is ranked at 60º position by population of 196 countries ant it has a moderate population density, 81 people per km2.

The capital is Bucharest and its currency is Romanian new lei

Romania is holding the 45 position by nominal GDP. Its national debt in 2019 was 78,091 millions of euros87,423 millions of dollars, ( 35.2% debt-to-GDP ratio) and its public debt per capita is 4,042€ euros per inhabitant4,525$ dollars per inhabitant.

The last annual rate of CPI published in Romania was on October of 2020 and it was 2.2%.

In terms of the human development index (HDI) of Romania, which is the index used by the United Nations to measure the progress of a country, was 0.811 points in 2017, leaving it in 52th place in the table of 189 countries published.

If the reason to visit Romania are business, you must know it's in the 52th of the Doing Business ranking , which provides objective measures of business regulations for local firms.

In the tables at the bottom of the page, you can see more information about the economy and demography of Romania, if you want to see information about other countries click here

Bucharest: Monthly Temp.
Bucharest: Monthly Rainfall
Romania Economy
Qu. GDP Per Capita [+]2020Q22,621€
Annual GDP [+]2019223,337M.€
Annual GDP [+]2019250,026M.$
GDP per capita [+]201911,530€
GDP per capita [+]201912,943$
Quarterly GDP [+]2020Q250,635M.€
Debt [+]201978,091
Debt [+]201987,423
Debt (%GDP) [+]201935.20%
Debt Per Capita [+]20194,042€
Debt Per Capita [+]20194,525$
Deficit (M.€) [+]2019-9,582
Deficit (M.$) [+]2019-10,726
Deficit (%GDP) [+]2019-4.30%
Expenditure (M.€) [+]201980,417.4
Expenditure (M.$) [+]201990,027.3
Education Expenditure (M.€) [+]20165,067.7
Education Expenditure (M.$) [+]20165,606.0
Education Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]20169.51%
Gov. Health Exp. (M.€) [+]20177,611.2
Gov. Health Exp.(M.$) [+]20178,569.2
Gov. Health Exp. (%Bud.) [+]201712.05%
Defence Expenditure (M.€) [+]20183,924.2
Defence Expenditure (M.$) [+]20184,633.4
Defence Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]20185.96%
Expenditure (%GDP) [+]201936.00%
Expenditure Per Capita [+]20194,163€
Expenditure Per Capita [+]20194,660$
Education Expenditure P.C [+]2016257€
Education Expenditure P.C [+]2016284$
Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]2017386€
Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]2017436$
Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]2018203€
Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]2018237$
Moody's Rating [+]04/24/2020Baa3
S&P Rating [+]05/16/2014BBB-
Fitch Rating [+]05/01/2020BBB-
Corruption Index [+]201847
Competitiveness Ranking [+]201951º
Fragile States Index [+]201849.4
RTI Raking [+]09/28/201868º
Innovation Ranking [+]201849º
Unemployment Rate [+]September 20205.2%
Unemployment rate [+]2020Q25.4%
Unemployed [+]2020Q2482 m.
NMW [+]2020523.4 $
NMW [+]2020466.2 €
Average Wage [+]201912,047€
Average Wage [+]201913,487$
Human Capital Ranking [+]201742º
US Dollar exchange rate [+]11/27/20204.0875
Stock ExchangeYTD % [+]11/26/2020-7.26%
CPI (overall index) [+]October 20202.2%
HICP [+]October 20201.8%
PPI Year on Year [+]September 2020-0.9%
Money Market
Key rates [+]08/06/20201.50%
Doing Business [+]201952º
IPI Year on Year [+]September 2020-2.9%
Passengers vehicles Year [+]June 2020116,352
Annual Vehicles/ 1,000 p. [+]June 20206.88
Motor vehicle production [+]2019490,412
Vehicles / 1,000 people [+]2015304.10
Standard VAT [+]01/01/201620.00%
Top tax rate + SSC [+]202010.0%
Annual arrivals [+]201811,720,000
Exports [+]201968,668.8 M.€
Exports [+]201976,872.9 M.$
Exports % GDP [+]201930.75%
Imports [+]201986,242.6 M.€
Imports [+]201996,530.4 M.$
Imports % GDP [+]201938.62%
Trade balance [+]2019-17,573.8 M.€
Trade balance [+]2019-19,657.5 M.$
Trade balance % GDP [+]2019-7.87%
Retail Sales YoY [+]September 20203.5%
Global AgeWatch Ranking [+]201545º
Density [+]201981
Global Peace Ranking [+]202022º
Crude divorce rate [+]20181.60‰
Remittance received (M.$) [+]20174,943.6
% Immigrant [+]20192.39%
% Emigrant [+]201918.49%
Birth Rate [+]20199.60‰
Remittance sent (M.$) [+]2017590.7
Crude death rate [+]201913.40‰
Fertility Rate [+]20181.76
Crude marriage rate [+]20187.40‰
% risk of poverty [+]201625.3%
Population [+]201919,317,984
Immigrant stock [+]2019462,552
Emigrant stock [+]20193,572,794
HDI [+]20170.811
Gender Gap Ranking [+]201863º
Life expectancy [+]201875.30
Suicides [+]20181,941
Suicide rate [+]201810.00
Number of homicides [+]2017286
Rate Homicides per 100.000 [+]20171.50
Energy and Environment
CO2 Tons per capita [+]20184.09
Annual crude oil production [+]201970
Crude Oil Reserves (Million barrels) [+]2020600.0
Consumption GWh [+]201955,008
Generation GWh [+]201957,516
COVID-19 - Recovered [+]11/25/2020313,885
COVID-19 - Deaths [+]11/25/202010,541
COVID-19 - Deaths per million population [+]11/25/2020545.66
COVID-19 - Confirmed [+]11/25/2020440,344