Romania Romania

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Romania, is a country located at Eastern Europe, it has an area of 238,400 Km2.

Romania, with a population of 19,051,562 people, it is ranked at 66º position by population of 196 countries and it has a moderate population density, 80 people per km2.

It's capital is Bucharest and its currency is Romanian new lei

Romania is holding the 45 position by nominal GDP. Its national debt in 2022 was 134,469 millions of euros (147,084 millions of dollars), ( 47.2% debt-to-GDP ratio) and its public debt per capita is €7,058 euros per inhabitant$7,720 dollars per inhabitant.

The last annual rate of CPI published in Romania was on October of 2023 and it was 8.1%.

In terms of the human development index (HDI) of Romania, which is the index used by the United Nations to measure the progress of a country, was 0.821 points in 2021, leaving it in 53th place in the table of 191 countries published.

If the reason to visit Romania are business, you must know it's in the 55th of the Doing Business ranking , which provides objective measures of business regulations for local firms.

In the tables at the bottom of the page, you can see more information about the economy and demography of Romania, if you want to see information about other countries click here

Bucharest: Monthly Temp.
Bucharest: Monthly Rainfall
Romania Economy
Qu. GDP Per Capita [+]2023Q24,200K
Annual GDP [+]2022€285,885M
Annual GDP [+]2022$301,845M
GDP per capita [+]2022€15,010
GDP per capita [+]2022$15,844
Quarterly GDP [+]2023Q2€80,014M
Debt (M.€.) [+]2022134,469
Debt ($M) [+]2022147,084
Debt (%GDP) [+]202247.20%
Debt Per Capita [+]2022€7,058
Debt Per Capita [+]2022$7,720
Deficit (M.€) [+]2022-17,890
Deficit ($M) [+]2022-17,403
Deficit (%GDP) [+]2022-6.30%
Expenditure (M.€) [+]2022114,309.0
Expenditure ($M) [+]2022110,930.0
Education Expenditure (M.€) [+]20186,892.6
Education Expenditure ($M) [+]20188,144.4
Education Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]201810.46%
Gov. Health Exp. (M.€) [+]202112,244,862,338.7
Gov. Health Exp.($M) [+]201911,536.6
Gov. Health Exp. (%Bud.) [+]201712.05%
Defence Expenditure (M.€) [+]20224,947.4
Defence Expenditure ($M) [+]20225,223.6
Defence Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]20224.97%
Expenditure (%GDP) [+]202240.00%
Expenditure Per Capita [+]2022€6,000
Expenditure Per Capita [+]2022$5,823
Education Expenditure P.C [+]2018€354
Education Expenditure P.C [+]2018$417
Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]2021€640
Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]2019$596
Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]2022€260
Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]2022$274
Moody's Rating [+]11/03/2023Baa3
S&P Rating [+]04/16/2021BBB-
Fitch Rating [+]05/01/2020BBB-
Corruption Index [+]202246
Competitiveness Ranking [+]201951º
Fragile States Index [+]201849.4
RTI Raking [+]202267º
Innovation Ranking [+]201849º
Unemployment Rate [+]October 20235.4%
Unemployment rate [+]2023Q25.4%
Unemployed [+]2023Q2437K
NMW [+]2023$658.1
NMW [+]2023€606.1
Average Wage [+]2022$14,933
Average Wage [+]2022€14,181
Human Capital Ranking [+]201742º
Euro / Romanian new lei [+]12/01/20234.9713
US Dollar exchange rate [+]11/29/20234.5313
Stock ExchangeYTD % [+]12/30/20230%
CPI (overall index) [+]October 20238.1%
HICP [+]October 20238.3%
PPI Year on Year [+]September 2023-1.0%
Money Market
Key rates [+]01/11/20237.00%
Doing Business [+]202055º
IPI Year on Year [+]September 2023-3.2%
Passengers vehicles Year [+]December 2022129,328
Annual Vehicles/ 1,000 p. [+]December 20227.91
Motor vehicle production [+]2022509,465
Vehicles / 1,000 people [+]2021464.93
Tax Revenue (%GDP) [+]202227.4%
Standard VAT [+]01/01/201620.00%
Top tax rate + SSC [+]202010.0%
Annual arrivals [+]20192,683,748
Exports [+]2022€91,972.8M
Exports [+]2022$96,847.4M
Exports % GDP [+]202232.17%
Imports [+]2022€126,077.0M
Imports [+]2022$132,759.1M
Imports % GDP [+]202244.10%
Trade balance [+]2022€-34,104.1M
Trade balance [+]2022$-35,911.7M
Trade balance % GDP [+]2022-11.93%
Retail Sales YoY [+]September 2023-0.9%
Global AgeWatch Ranking [+]201545º
Density [+]202280
Global Peace Ranking [+]202331º
Crude divorce rate [+]20211.40‰
Remittance received ($M) [+]20174,943.6
% Immigrant [+]20203.67%
% Emigrant [+]202020.76%
Birth Rate [+]20229.60‰
Remittance sent ($M) [+]2017590.7
Crude death rate [+]202214.30‰
Fertility Rate [+]20211.81
Crude marriage rate [+]20216.00‰
% risk of poverty [+]202221.2%
Population [+]202219,051,562
Immigrant stock [+]2020705,310
Emigrant stock [+]20203,987,093
HDI [+]20210.821
Gender Gap Ranking [+]202388º
Life expectancy [+]202275.30
Suicides [+]20201,734
Suicide rate [+]20209.14
Number of homicides [+]2021244
Rate Homicides per 100.000 [+]20211.26
Energy and Environment
CO2 Tons per capita [+]20214.08
Annual crude oil production [+]202261
Crude Oil Reserves [+]2021600.0
Consumption GWh [+]202150,527
Generation GWh [+]202155,019
COVID-19 - Deaths [+]11/30/202368,590
COVID-19 - Confirmed [+]11/30/20233,501,193
Fully vaccinated [+]06/11/20228,114,769
COVID-19 - Deaths per million population [+]11/30/20233,600.23
Doses administered [+]06/11/202216,827,486