Romania Romania

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Romania, is a country located at Eastern Europe, it has an area of 238,400 Km2.

Romania, with a population of 19,186,201 people, it is ranked at 61º position by population of 196 countries and it has a moderate population density, 80 people per km2.

It's capital is Bucharest and its currency is Romanian new lei

Romania is holding the 47 position by nominal GDP. Its national debt in 2020 was 102,531 millions of euros (117,111 millions of dollars), ( 47.3% debt-to-GDP ratio) and its public debt per capita is 5,344€ euros per inhabitant6,104$ dollars per inhabitant.

The last annual rate of CPI published in Romania was on August of 2021 and it was 5.3%.

In terms of the human development index (HDI) of Romania, which is the index used by the United Nations to measure the progress of a country, was 0.828 points in 2019, leaving it in 49th place in the table of 189 countries published.

If the reason to visit Romania are business, you must know it's in the 52th of the Doing Business ranking , which provides objective measures of business regulations for local firms.

In the tables at the bottom of the page, you can see more information about the economy and demography of Romania, if you want to see information about other countries click here

Bucharest: Monthly Temp.
Bucharest: Monthly Rainfall
Romania Economy
Gouvernement
Qu. GDP Per Capita [+]2021Q23,058€
Annual GDP [+]2020218,165M.€
Annual GDP [+]2020249,188M.$
GDP per capita [+]202011,290€
GDP per capita [+]202012,988$
Quarterly GDP [+]2021Q258,673M.€
Debt (M.€.) [+]2020102,531
Debt (M.$.) [+]2020117,111
Debt (%GDP) [+]202047.30%
Debt Per Capita [+]20205,344€
Debt Per Capita [+]20206,104$
Deficit (M.€) [+]2020-20,179
Deficit (M.$) [+]2020-23,048
Deficit (%GDP) [+]2020-9.20%
Expenditure (M.€) [+]202092,451.3
Expenditure (M.$) [+]2020105,597.9
Education Expenditure (M.€) [+]20165,057.9
Education Expenditure (M.$) [+]20165,595.2
Education Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]20169.51%
Gov. Health Exp. (M.€) [+]201910,305.1
Gov. Health Exp.(M.$) [+]201911,536.6
Gov. Health Exp. (%Bud.) [+]201712.05%
Defence Expenditure (M.€) [+]20194,542.7
Defence Expenditure (M.$) [+]20195,086.6
Defence Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]20196.08%
Expenditure (%GDP) [+]202042.40%
Expenditure Per Capita [+]20204,819€
Expenditure Per Capita [+]20205,504$
Education Expenditure P.C [+]2016257€
Education Expenditure P.C [+]2016283$
Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]2019532€
Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]2019596$
Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]2019234€
Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]2019262$
Moody's Rating [+]04/24/2020Baa3
S&P Rating [+]04/16/2021BBB-
Fitch Rating [+]05/01/2020BBB-
Corruption Index [+]202044
Competitiveness Ranking [+]201951º
Fragile States Index [+]201849.4
RTI Raking [+]09/28/201868º
Innovation Ranking [+]201849º
Labour
Unemployment Rate [+]July 20215.1%
Unemployment rate [+]2021Q25.1%
Unemployed [+]2021Q2418 m.
NMW [+]2021569.9 $
NMW [+]2021466.7 €
Average Wage [+]201912,047€
Average Wage [+]201913,487$
Human Capital Ranking [+]201742º
Markets
Euro / Romanian new lei [+]09/27/20214.9488
US Dollar exchange rate [+]09/27/20214.2297
Stock ExchangeYTD % [+]09/24/202126.88%
Prices
CPI (overall index) [+]August 20215.3%
HICP [+]August 20214.0%
PPI Year on Year [+]July 202115.3%
Money Market
Key rates [+]01/18/20211.25%
Business
Doing Business [+]201952º
IPI Year on Year [+]July 20215.6%
Passengers vehicles Year [+]April 2021121,675
Annual Vehicles/ 1,000 p. [+]April 20217.41
Motor vehicle production [+]2020438,107
Vehicles / 1,000 people [+]2015304.10
Taxes
Standard VAT [+]01/01/201620.00%
Top tax rate + SSC [+]202010.0%
Trade
Annual arrivals [+]20192,683,748
Exports [+]202061,777.7 M.€
Exports [+]202070,720.2 M.$
Exports % GDP [+]202028.32%
Imports [+]202080,475.2 M.€
Imports [+]202092,122.3 M.$
Imports % GDP [+]202036.89%
Trade balance [+]2020-18,697.5 M.€
Trade balance [+]2020-21,402.1 M.$
Trade balance % GDP [+]2020-8.57%
Retail Sales YoY [+]July 20218.1%
Socio-Demography
Global AgeWatch Ranking [+]201545º
Density [+]202080
Global Peace Ranking [+]202125º
Crude divorce rate [+]20191.60‰
Remittance received (M.$) [+]20174,943.6
% Immigrant [+]20192.39%
% Emigrant [+]201918.48%
Birth Rate [+]20209.20‰
Remittance sent (M.$) [+]2017590.7
Crude death rate [+]202015.40‰
Fertility Rate [+]20191.77
Crude marriage rate [+]20196.60‰
% risk of poverty [+]202023.4%
Population [+]202019,186,201
Immigrant stock [+]2019462,552
Emigrant stock [+]20193,572,794
HDI [+]20190.828
Gender Gap Ranking [+]202055º
Life expectancy [+]202074.20
Suicides [+]20181,941
Suicide rate [+]201810.09
Number of homicides [+]2019244
Rate Homicides per 100.000 [+]20191.26
Energy and Environment
CO2 Tons per capita [+]20194.04
Annual crude oil production [+]202068
Crude Oil Reserves [+]2021600.0
Consumption GWh [+]201955,008
Generation GWh [+]201957,516
Others
COVID-19 - Deaths [+]09/26/202136,341
COVID-19 - Confirmed [+]09/26/20211,194,106
Fully vaccinated [+]09/27/20215,326,689
COVID-19 - Deaths per million population [+]09/26/20211,894.12
Doses administered [+]09/27/202110,054,036