Romania Romania

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Romania, is a country located at Eastern Europe, it has an area of 238,400 Km2.

Romania, with a population of 19,038,098 people, it is ranked at 64º position by population of 196 countries and it has a moderate population density, 80 people per km2.

It's capital is Bucharest and its currency is Romanian new lei

Romania is holding the 47 position by nominal GDP. Its national debt in 2021 was 116,695 millions of euros (145,994 millions of dollars), ( 48.9% debt-to-GDP ratio) and its public debt per capita is €6,130 euros per inhabitant$7,669 dollars per inhabitant.

The last annual rate of CPI published in Romania was on December of 2022 and it was 16.4%.

In terms of the human development index (HDI) of Romania, which is the index used by the United Nations to measure the progress of a country, was 0.821 points in 2021, leaving it in 53th place in the table of 191 countries published.

If the reason to visit Romania are business, you must know it's in the 55th of the Doing Business ranking , which provides objective measures of business regulations for local firms.

In the tables at the bottom of the page, you can see more information about the economy and demography of Romania, if you want to see information about other countries click here

Bucharest: Monthly Temp.
Bucharest: Monthly Rainfall
Romania Economy
Gouvernement
Qu. GDP Per Capita [+]2022Q33,803K
Annual GDP [+]2021€241,268M
Annual GDP [+]2021$284,086M
GDP per capita [+]2021€12,620
GDP per capita [+]2021$14,795
Quarterly GDP [+]2022Q3€72,410M
Debt (M.€.) [+]2021116,695
Debt ($M) [+]2021145,994
Debt (%GDP) [+]202148.90%
Debt Per Capita [+]2021€6,130
Debt Per Capita [+]2021$7,669
Deficit (M.€) [+]2021-17,087
Deficit ($M) [+]2021-19,489
Deficit (%GDP) [+]2021-7.10%
Expenditure (M.€) [+]202195,912.6
Expenditure ($M) [+]2021106,560.6
Education Expenditure (M.€) [+]20186,892.6
Education Expenditure ($M) [+]20188,076.1
Education Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]201810.46%
Gov. Health Exp. (M.€) [+]202011,019.5
Gov. Health Exp.($M) [+]201911,536.6
Gov. Health Exp. (%Bud.) [+]201712.05%
Defence Expenditure (M.€) [+]20204,430.5
Defence Expenditure ($M) [+]20205,067.1
Defence Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]20204.81%
Expenditure (%GDP) [+]202139.80%
Expenditure Per Capita [+]2021€5,038
Expenditure Per Capita [+]2021$5,597
Education Expenditure P.C [+]2018€354
Education Expenditure P.C [+]2018$413
Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]2020€572
Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]2019$596
Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]2020€230
Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]2020$298
Moody's Rating [+]10/15/2021Baa3
S&P Rating [+]04/16/2021BBB-
Fitch Rating [+]05/01/2020BBB-
Corruption Index [+]202145
Competitiveness Ranking [+]201951º
Fragile States Index [+]201849.4
RTI Raking [+]09/28/201868º
Innovation Ranking [+]201849º
Labour
Unemployment Rate [+]November 20225.4%
Unemployment rate [+]2022Q35.4%
Unemployed [+]2022Q3446K
NMW [+]2022$583.4
NMW [+]2022€515.3
Average Wage [+]2021$15,889
Average Wage [+]2021€13,435
Human Capital Ranking [+]201742º
Markets
Euro / Romanian new lei [+]01/27/20234.8922
US Dollar exchange rate [+]01/27/20234.4928
Stock ExchangeYTD % [+]12/30/20230%
Prices
CPI (overall index) [+]December 202216.4%
HICP [+]December 202214.1%
PPI Year on Year [+]November 202244.8%
Money Market
Key rates [+]01/11/20237.00%
Business
Doing Business [+]202055º
IPI Year on Year [+]November 2022-4.0%
Passengers vehicles Year [+]December 2022129,328
Annual Vehicles/ 1,000 p. [+]December 20227.91
Motor vehicle production [+]2020438,107
Vehicles / 1,000 people [+]2020442.80
Taxes
Tax Revenue (%GDP) [+]202127.2%
Standard VAT [+]01/01/201620.00%
Top tax rate + SSC [+]202010.0%
Trade
Annual arrivals [+]20192,683,748
Exports [+]2021€73,923.0M
Exports [+]2021$87,383.5M
Exports % GDP [+]202130.64%
Imports [+]2021€98,334.9M
Imports [+]2021$116,224.5M
Imports % GDP [+]202140.76%
Trade balance [+]2021€-24,411.9M
Trade balance [+]2021$-28,841.0M
Trade balance % GDP [+]2021-10.12%
Retail Sales YoY [+]November 20224.4%
Socio-Demography
Global AgeWatch Ranking [+]201545º
Density [+]202180
Global Peace Ranking [+]202231º
Crude divorce rate [+]20201.20‰
Remittance received ($M) [+]20174,943.6
% Immigrant [+]20192.39%
% Emigrant [+]201918.48%
Birth Rate [+]20219.30‰
Remittance sent ($M) [+]2017590.7
Crude death rate [+]202117.50‰
Fertility Rate [+]20201.80
Crude marriage rate [+]20204.20‰
% risk of poverty [+]202122.6%
Population [+]202119,038,098
Immigrant stock [+]2019462,552
Emigrant stock [+]20193,572,794
HDI [+]20210.821
Gender Gap Ranking [+]202290º
Life expectancy [+]202172.90
Suicides [+]20201,734
Suicide rate [+]20209.03
Number of homicides [+]2020281
Rate Homicides per 100.000 [+]20201.46
Energy and Environment
CO2 Tons per capita [+]20214.08
Annual crude oil production [+]202166
Crude Oil Reserves [+]2021600.0
Consumption GWh [+]202150,527
Generation GWh [+]202155,019
Others
COVID-19 - Deaths [+]01/26/202367,542
COVID-19 - Confirmed [+]01/26/20233,322,648
Fully vaccinated [+]06/11/20228,114,769
COVID-19 - Deaths per million population [+]01/26/20233,547.73
Doses administered [+]06/11/202216,827,486