Turkmenistan Turkmenistan

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Turkmenistan, is a country located at Central Asia, it has an area of 488,100 Km2.

Turkmenistan, with a population of 6,341,855 people, it is one of the least populous country in the world and it has a low population density, 13 people per km2.

It's capital is Ashgabat and its currency is Turkmen new manats

Turkmenistan is holding the 75 position by nominal GDP. Its national debt in 2022 was 4,270 millions of euros (4,500 millions of dollars), ( 5.83% debt-to-GDP ratio) and its public debt per capita is €673 euros per inhabitant$710 dollars per inhabitant.

In terms of the human development index (HDI) of Turkmenistan, which is the index used by the United Nations to measure the progress of a country, was 0.745 points in 2021, leaving it in 93th place in the table of 191 countries published.

In the tables at the bottom of the page, you can see more information about the economy and demography of Turkmenistan, if you want to see information about other countries click here

Ashgabat: Monthly Temp.
Ashgabat: Monthly Rainfall
Turkmenistan Economy
Gouvernement
Annual GDP [+]2022€73,303M
Annual GDP [+]2022$77,252M
GDP per capita [+]2022€11,559
GDP per capita [+]2022$12,181
Debt (M.€.) [+]20224,270
Debt ($M) [+]20224,500
Debt (%GDP) [+]20225.83%
Debt Per Capita [+]2022€673
Debt Per Capita [+]2022$710
Deficit (M.€) [+]20221,796
Deficit ($M) [+]20221,893
Deficit (%GDP) [+]20222.45%
Expenditure (M.€) [+]20227,005.1
Expenditure ($M) [+]20227,382.5
Education Expenditure (M.€) [+]20191,476.2
Education Expenditure ($M) [+]20191,652.7
Education Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]202028.00%
Gov. Health Exp. (M.€) [+]2017634.3
Gov. Health Exp.($M) [+]2017716.3
Gov. Health Exp. (%Bud.) [+]20178.71%
Defence Expenditure (M.€) [+]1999177.3
Defence Expenditure ($M) [+]1999189.1
Defence Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]199914.96%
Expenditure (%GDP) [+]20229.56%
Expenditure Per Capita [+]2022€1,105
Expenditure Per Capita [+]2022$1,164
Education Expenditure P.C [+]2019€240
Education Expenditure P.C [+]2019$268
Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]2017€90
Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]2017$102
Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]1999€40
Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]1999$42
Fitch Rating [+]05/18/2001CCC-
Corruption Index [+]202219
Fragile States Index [+]201872.6
Labour
NMW [+]2022$300.0
NMW [+]2022€265.4
Markets
Euro / Turkmen new manats [+]02/29/20243.7807
US Dollar exchange rate [+]02/29/20243.5000
Business
Passengers vehicles Year [+]December 20174,802
Annual Vehicles/ 1,000 p. [+]December 20170.84
Trade
Annual arrivals [+]20078,200
Exports [+]2021€6,607.4M
Exports [+]2021$7,814.6M
Exports % GDP [+]202112.15%
Imports [+]2021€3,531.8M
Imports [+]2021$4,177.1M
Imports % GDP [+]20216.49%
Trade balance [+]2021€3,075.6M
Trade balance [+]2021$3,637.5M
Trade balance % GDP [+]20215.66%
Socio-Demography
Density [+]202113
Global Peace Ranking [+]2023100º
Remittance received ($M) [+]201710.3
% Immigrant [+]20203.12%
% Emigrant [+]20203.88%
Birth Rate [+]202121.59‰
Remittance sent ($M) [+]2017202.1
Crude death rate [+]20216.59‰
Fertility Rate [+]20212.67
Population [+]20216,341,855
Immigrant stock [+]2020194,920
Emigrant stock [+]2020242,554
HDI [+]20210.745
Life expectancy [+]202169.26
Suicides [+]2015539
Suicide rate [+]20159.35
Number of homicides [+]201563
Rate Homicides per 100.000 [+]20151.09
Energy and Environment
CO2 Tons per capita [+]202113.62
Annual crude oil production [+]2022195
Crude Oil Reserves [+]2021600.0
Consumption GWh [+]202115,232
Generation GWh [+]202121,402
Others
Fully vaccinated [+]08/06/20234,568,901
Doses administered [+]08/06/202316,775,970