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Government
Qu. GDP Per Capita € [+]2015Q32,040€
GDP Mill. € [+]2016169,578M.€chart80,977M.€2016GDP Mill. € [+]
GDP Mill.$ [+]2016187,593M.$chart89,633M.$2016GDP Mill.$ [+]
GDP per capita [+]20168,600€chart2,810€2016GDP per capita [+]
GDP per capita [+]20169,493$chart3,111$2016GDP per capita [+]
Quat. GDP Mill.€ [+]2015Q340,535M.€
Debt [+]201663,076chart60,7202015Debt [+]
Debt [+]201669,819chart67,3692015Debt [+]
Debt (%GDP) [+]201637.60%chart65.44%2015Debt (%GDP) [+]
Debt Per Capita [+]20163,212€chart2,286€2015Debt Per Capita [+]
Debt Per Capita [+]20163,555$chart2,536$2015Debt Per Capita [+]
Deficit [+]2016-5,088chart-3,0652015Deficit [+]
Deficit [+]2016-5,632chart-3,4002015Deficit [+]
Deficit (%GDP) [+]2016-3.00%chart-3.30%2015Deficit (%GDP) [+]
Gov. Health Exp. (M.€) [+]201657,686.2chart28,418.92015Gov. Health Exp. (M.€) [+]
Expenditure (M.$) [+]201663,852.9chart31,530.72015Expenditure (M.$) [+]
Education Expenditure (M.€) [+]20144,705.0chart2,162.52010Education Expenditure (M.€) [+]
Education Expenditure (M.$) [+]20146,244.1chart2,866.92010Education Expenditure (M.$) [+]
Education Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]20149.24%chart8.68%2010Education Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]
Gov. Health Exp. (M.€) [+]20146,722.0
Gov. Health Exp.(M.$) [+]20148,930.2chart258.11995Gov. Health Exp.(M.$) [+]
Gov. Health Exp. (%Bud.) [+]201412.84%chart5.00%2014Gov. Health Exp. (%Bud.) [+]
Defence Expenditure (M.€) [+]20162,500.9chart2,387.72016Defence Expenditure (M.€) [+]
Defence Expenditure (M.$) [+]20162,766.6chart2,643.02016Defence Expenditure (M.$) [+]
Defence Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]20154.44%chart14.92%2015Defence Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]
Expenditure (%GDP) [+]201634.00%chart30.63%2015Expenditure (%GDP) [+]
Expenditure Per Capita [+]20162,937€chart1,070€2015Expenditure Per Capita [+]
Expenditure Per Capita [+]20163,251$chart1,187$2015Expenditure Per Capita [+]
Education Expenditure P.C [+]2014235€chart94€2010Education Expenditure P.C [+]
Education Expenditure P.C [+]2014313$chart125$2010Education Expenditure P.C [+]
Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]2014336€chart79€2014Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]
Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]2014447$chart104$2014Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]
Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]2016127€chart83€2016Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]
Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]2016140$chart92$2016Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]
Moody's Rating [+]04/21/2017Baa3B210/20/2017Moody's Rating [+]
S&P Rating [+]05/16/2014BBB-B-08/11/2017S&P Rating [+]
Fitch Rating [+]07/14/2017BBB-B09/01/2017Fitch Rating [+]
Corruption Index [+]201648chart182016Corruption Index [+]
Competitiveness Ranking [+]201768ºchart140º2015Competitiveness Ranking [+]
Fragile States Index [+]201554.2chart88.12015Fragile States Index [+]
RTI Raking [+]11/01/201660ºchart70º11/01/2016RTI Raking [+]
Innovation Ranking [+]201648ºchart120º2015Innovation Ranking [+]
Labour
Unemployment Rate [+]September 20175.0%
Unemployment rate [+]2017Q24.8%
Unemployed [+]2017Q2451 m.
NMW [+]2017355.0 $
NMW [+]2017318.5 €
Average Wage [+]20156,851€
Average Wage [+]20157,601$
Human Capital Ranking [+]201539º
Markets
Euro / Romanian new lei [+]11/21/20174.6551
Stock ExchangeYTD % [+]11/20/201710.29%
Prices
CPI (overall index) [+]October 20172.6%chart29.0%October 2017CPI (overall index) [+]
HICP [+]October 20172.0%
PPI Year on Year [+]September 20173.3%
Money Market
Key rates [+]05/07/20151.75%chart11.00%12/22/2015Key rates [+]
Business
Doing Business [+]201845ºchart175º2018Doing Business [+]
IPI Year on Year [+]September 20176.7%
Passengers vehicles Year [+]June 2017104,475
Annual Vehicles/ 1,000 p. [+]June 20176.52
Motor vehicle production [+]2016359,306
Vehicles / 1,000 people [+]2015304.11chart33.132015Vehicles / 1,000 people [+]
Taxes
Standard VAT [+]01/01/201620.00%chart10.00%01/01/2013Standard VAT [+]
Top tax rate + SSC [+]201616.0%chart17.0%2016Top tax rate + SSC [+]
Trade
Exports [+]201657,391.6 M.€chart22,734.0 M.€2016Exports [+]
Exports [+]201663,519.8 M.$chart25,164.2 M.$2016Exports [+]
Exports % GDP [+]201633.84%chart28.07%2016Exports % GDP [+]
Imports [+]201667,362.0 M.€chart17,386.9 M.€2016Imports [+]
Imports [+]201674,539.3 M.$chart19,245.6 M.$2016Imports [+]
Imports % GDP [+]201639.72%chart21.47%2016Imports % GDP [+]
Trade balance [+]2016-9,970.4 M.€chart5,347.1 M.€2016Trade balance [+]
Trade balance [+]2016-11,019.5 M.$chart5,918.6 M.$2016Trade balance [+]
Trade balance % GDP [+]2016-5.88%chart6.60%2016Trade balance % GDP [+]
Retail Sales YoY [+]September 201713.7%
Socio-Demography
Density [+]201682chart232016Density [+]
Population [+]201619,638,309chart28,813,4632016Population [+]
Immigrant stock [+]2015226,943chart106,8452015Immigrant stock [+]
Remittance received (M.$) [+]20152,932.5chart11.12015Remittance received (M.$) [+]
% Immigrant [+]20151.15%chart0.40%2015% Immigrant [+]
Remittance sent (M.$) [+]2015548.4chart43.12015Remittance sent (M.$) [+]
Emigrant stock [+]20153,408,118chart555,4032015Emigrant stock [+]
% Emigrant [+]201517.25%chart2.09%2015% Emigrant [+]
HDI [+]20150.802chart0.5332015HDI [+]
Global Peace Ranking [+]201725ºchart100º2017Global Peace Ranking [+]
Gender Gap Ranking [+]201676ºchart117º2016Gender Gap Ranking [+]
Ranking [+]201545º
Birth Rate [+]20169.60‰chart42.32‰2015Birth Rate [+]
Fertility Rate [+]20151.58chart5.772015Fertility Rate [+]
Crude death rate [+]201613.00‰chart8.68‰2015Crude death rate [+]
Life expectancy [+]201575.00chart61.192015Life expectancy [+]
Crude marriage rate [+]20156.30‰
Crude divorce rate [+]20151.60‰
Number of homicides [+]2015291chart2,4142015Number of homicides [+]
Rate Homicides per 100.000 [+]20151.5chart9.72015Rate Homicides per 100.000 [+]
% risk of poverty [+]201625.3%
Environment and Energy
CO2 Tons per capita [+]20154.16chart0.922015CO2 Tons per capita [+]