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Government
GDP Mill. € [+]2016169,578M.€chart10,772,921M.€2016GDP Mill. € [+]
GDP Mill.$ [+]2016187,039M.$chart11,885,664M.$2016GDP Mill.$ [+]
GDP per capita [+]20168,600€chart31,700€2016GDP per capita [+]
GDP per capita [+]20169,465$chart34,866$2016GDP per capita [+]
Qu. GDP Per Capita [+]2015Q32,040€chart8,120€2017Q2Qu. GDP Per Capita [+]
Quat. GDP Mill.€ [+]2015Q340,535M.€chart2,767,995M.€2017Q2Quat. GDP Mill.€ [+]
Debt [+]201663,008 M.€chart8,600,983 M.€2012Debt [+]
Debt [+]201669,744 M.$chart11,050,543 M.$2012Debt [+]
Debt (%GDP) [+]201637.60%chart90.60%2012Debt (%GDP) [+]
Debt Per Capita [+]20163,208 €chart25,585 €2012Debt Per Capita [+]
Debt Per Capita [+]20163,559$chart34,059$2012Debt Per Capita [+]
Deficit [+]2016-5,151 M.€chart-352,683 M.€2012Deficit [+]
Deficit [+]2016-5,701 M.$chart-453,127 M.$2012Deficit [+]
Deficit (%GDP) [+]2016-3.00%chart-3.70%2012Deficit (%GDP) [+]
Gov. Health Exp. (M.€) [+]201658,868.4chart4,772,568.12013Gov. Health Exp. (M.€) [+]
Expenditure (M.$) [+]201665,161.4chart6,338,447.72013Expenditure (M.$) [+]
Education Expenditure (M.€) [+]20144,705.0
Education Expenditure (M.$) [+]20146,244.1
Education Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]20149.24%
Gov. Health Exp. (M.€) [+]20146,722.0
Gov. Health Exp.(M.$) [+]20148,930.2
Gov. Health Exp. (%Bud.) [+]201412.84%
Defence Expenditure (M.€) [+]20162,500.9chart158,949.62016Defence Expenditure (M.€) [+]
Defence Expenditure (M.$) [+]20162,758.4chart175,367.62016Defence Expenditure (M.$) [+]
Defence Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]20154.44%chart4.00%2015Defence Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]
Expenditure (%GDP) [+]201634.70%chart49.80%2013Expenditure (%GDP) [+]
Expenditure Per Capita [+]20162,998€chart14,313€2013Expenditure Per Capita [+]
Expenditure Per Capita [+]20163,318$chart18,792$2013Expenditure Per Capita [+]
Education Expenditure P.C [+]2014238€
Education Expenditure P.C [+]2014313$
Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]2014340€
Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]2014447$
Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]2016127€chart468€2016Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]
Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]2016140$chart514$2016Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]
Moody's Rating [+]04/21/2017Baa3
S&P Rating [+]05/16/2014BBB-
Fitch Rating [+]07/14/2017BBB-
Corruption Index [+]201648
Competitiveness Ranking [+]201653º
Fragile States Index [+]201554.2
RTI Raking [+]11/01/201660º
Innovation Ranking [+]201648º
Labour
Unemployment Rate [+]July 20175.2%chart9.1%July 2017Unemployment Rate [+]
Unemployment rate [+]2017Q15.5%
Unemployed [+]2017Q1481 m.
NMW [+]2017355.0 $
NMW [+]2017318.5 €
Average Wage [+]20156,851€
Average Wage [+]20157,601$
Human Capital Ranking [+]201539º
Markets
Euro / Romanian new lei [+]09/19/20174.5990
Stock ExchangeYTD % [+]09/19/201712.59%chart7.31%09/19/2017Stock ExchangeYTD % [+]
Prices
CPI (overall index) [+]August 20171.2%
HICP [+]August 20170.6%chart1.5%August 2017HICP [+]
PPI Year on Year [+]July 20172.4%
Money Market
Key rates [+]05/07/20151.75%chart0%03/16/2016Key rates [+]
Business
Doing Business [+]201736º
IPI Year on Year [+]July 20177.6%
Passengers vehicles Year [+]June 2017104,475
Annual Vehicles/ 1,000 p. [+]June 20176.52
Motor vehicle production [+]2016359,306
Vehicles / 1,000 people [+]2015304.11
Taxes
Standard VAT [+]01/01/201620.00%
Top tax rate + SSC [+]201616.0%
Trade
Exports [+]201657,386.4 M.€
Exports [+]201663,519.8 M.$
Exports % GDP [+]201633.84%
Imports [+]201667,342.0 M.€
Imports [+]201674,539.3 M.$
Imports % GDP [+]201639.71%
Trade balance [+]2016-9,955.7 M.€
Trade balance [+]2016-11,019.5 M.$
Trade balance % GDP [+]2016-5.87%
Retail Sales YoY [+]July 201710.1%
Socio-Demography
Density [+]201682chart1242016Density [+]
Population [+]201619,638,309chart340,894,6062016Population [+]
Immigrant stock [+]2015226,943
Remittance received (M.$) [+]20152,932.5
% Immigrant [+]20151.15%
Remittance sent (M.$) [+]2015548.4
Emigrant stock [+]20153,408,118
% Emigrant [+]201517.25%
HDI [+]20150.802
Global Peace Ranking [+]201725º
Gender Gap Ranking [+]201676º
Ranking [+]201545º
Birth Rate [+]20169.60‰chart9.67‰2015Birth Rate [+]
Fertility Rate [+]20151.58chart1.562015Fertility Rate [+]
Crude death rate [+]201613.00‰chart10.07‰2015Crude death rate [+]
Life expectancy [+]201575.00chart82.072015Life expectancy [+]
Crude marriage rate [+]20156.30‰
Crude divorce rate [+]20151.60‰
Number of homicides [+]2015291
Rate Homicides per 100.000 [+]20151.5
% risk of poverty [+]201625.3%chart17.2%2015% risk of poverty [+]
Environment and Energy
CO2 Tons per capita [+]20154.16
  • Capital:
  • Population: 340,894,606
  • Surface Area: 2,759,052 km2
  • Currency: Euros