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Government
Qu. GDP Per Capita € [+]2015Q32,040€
GDP Mill. € [+]2016169,578M.€chart1,557M.€2015GDP Mill. € [+]
GDP Mill.$ [+]2016187,593M.$chart1,727M.$2015GDP Mill.$ [+]
GDP per capita [+]20168,600€chart1,678€2015GDP per capita [+]
GDP per capita [+]20169,493$chart1,862$2015GDP per capita [+]
Quat. GDP Mill.€ [+]2015Q340,535M.€
Debt [+]201663,076chart5442016Debt [+]
Debt [+]201669,819chart6022016Debt [+]
Debt (%GDP) [+]201637.60%chart31.86%2016Debt (%GDP) [+]
Debt Per Capita [+]20163,212€chart577€2016Debt Per Capita [+]
Debt Per Capita [+]20163,555$chart639$2016Debt Per Capita [+]
Deficit [+]2016-5,088chart-3102016Deficit [+]
Deficit [+]2016-5,632chart-3432016Deficit [+]
Deficit (%GDP) [+]2016-3.00%chart-18.16%2016Deficit (%GDP) [+]
Gov. Health Exp. (M.€) [+]201657,686.2chart883.42016Gov. Health Exp. (M.€) [+]
Expenditure (M.$) [+]201663,852.9chart977.82016Expenditure (M.$) [+]
Education Expenditure (M.€) [+]20144,705.0chart37.12010Education Expenditure (M.€) [+]
Education Expenditure (M.$) [+]20146,244.1chart49.22010Education Expenditure (M.$) [+]
Education Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]20149.24%chart12.33%2010Education Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]
Gov. Health Exp. (M.€) [+]20146,722.0
Gov. Health Exp.(M.$) [+]20148,930.2
Gov. Health Exp. (%Bud.) [+]201412.84%chart14.14%2014Gov. Health Exp. (%Bud.) [+]
Defence Expenditure (M.€) [+]20162,500.9chart24.32008Defence Expenditure (M.€) [+]
Defence Expenditure (M.$) [+]20162,766.6chart35.72008Defence Expenditure (M.$) [+]
Defence Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]20154.44%
Expenditure (%GDP) [+]201634.00%chart51.75%2016Expenditure (%GDP) [+]
Expenditure Per Capita [+]20162,937€chart937€2016Expenditure Per Capita [+]
Expenditure Per Capita [+]20163,251$chart1,038$2016Expenditure Per Capita [+]
Education Expenditure P.C [+]2014235€chart44€2010Education Expenditure P.C [+]
Education Expenditure P.C [+]2014313$chart58$2010Education Expenditure P.C [+]
Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]2014336€chart88€2014Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]
Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]2014447$chart118$2014Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]
Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]2016127€chart31€2008Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]
Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]2016140$chart45$2008Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]
Moody's Rating [+]04/21/2017Baa3
S&P Rating [+]05/16/2014BBB-
Fitch Rating [+]07/14/2017BBB-
Corruption Index [+]201648chart302016Corruption Index [+]
Competitiveness Ranking [+]201768º
Fragile States Index [+]201554.2chart88.12015Fragile States Index [+]
RTI Raking [+]11/01/201660º
Innovation Ranking [+]201648º
Labour
Unemployment Rate [+]September 20175.0%
Unemployment rate [+]2017Q24.8%
Unemployed [+]2017Q2451 m.
NMW [+]2017355.0 $
NMW [+]2017318.5 €
Average Wage [+]20156,851€
Average Wage [+]20157,601$
Human Capital Ranking [+]201539º
Markets
Euro / Romanian new lei [+]11/20/20174.6469
Stock ExchangeYTD % [+]11/20/201710.29%
Prices
CPI (overall index) [+]October 20172.6%
HICP [+]October 20172.0%
PPI Year on Year [+]September 20173.3%
Money Market
Key rates [+]05/07/20151.75%
Business
Doing Business [+]201845ºchart154º2018Doing Business [+]
IPI Year on Year [+]September 20176.7%
Passengers vehicles Year [+]June 2017104,475
Annual Vehicles/ 1,000 p. [+]June 20176.52
Motor vehicle production [+]2016359,306
Vehicles / 1,000 people [+]2015304.11
Taxes
Standard VAT [+]01/01/201620.00%
Top tax rate + SSC [+]201616.0%
Trade
Exports [+]201657,391.6 M.€chart126.9 M.€2016Exports [+]
Exports [+]201663,519.8 M.$chart140.5 M.$2016Exports [+]
Exports % GDP [+]201633.84%chart7.74%2015Exports % GDP [+]
Imports [+]201667,362.0 M.€chart879.5 M.€2016Imports [+]
Imports [+]201674,539.3 M.$chart973.6 M.$2016Imports [+]
Imports % GDP [+]201639.72%chart62.56%2015Imports % GDP [+]
Trade balance [+]2016-9,970.4 M.€chart-752.6 M.€2016Trade balance [+]
Trade balance [+]2016-11,019.5 M.$chart-833.1 M.$2016Trade balance [+]
Trade balance % GDP [+]2016-5.88%chart-54.82%2015Trade balance % GDP [+]
Retail Sales YoY [+]September 201713.7%
Socio-Demography
Density [+]201682chart412016Density [+]
Population [+]201619,638,309chart942,3332016Population [+]
Immigrant stock [+]2015226,943chart112,3512015Immigrant stock [+]
Remittance received (M.$) [+]20152,932.5chart35.62015Remittance received (M.$) [+]
% Immigrant [+]20151.15%chart12.11%2015% Immigrant [+]
Remittance sent (M.$) [+]2015548.4chart5.12015Remittance sent (M.$) [+]
Emigrant stock [+]20153,408,118chart15,9272015Emigrant stock [+]
% Emigrant [+]201517.25%chart1.72%2015% Emigrant [+]
HDI [+]20150.802chart0.4732015HDI [+]
Global Peace Ranking [+]201725ºchart107º2017Global Peace Ranking [+]
Gender Gap Ranking [+]201676º
Ranking [+]201545º
Birth Rate [+]20169.60‰chart23.35‰2015Birth Rate [+]
Fertility Rate [+]20151.58chart2.912015Fertility Rate [+]
Crude death rate [+]201613.00‰chart8.37‰2015Crude death rate [+]
Life expectancy [+]201575.00chart62.252015Life expectancy [+]
Crude marriage rate [+]20156.30‰
Crude divorce rate [+]20151.60‰
Number of homicides [+]2015291chart602015Number of homicides [+]
Rate Homicides per 100.000 [+]20151.5chart6.82015Rate Homicides per 100.000 [+]
% risk of poverty [+]201625.3%
Environment and Energy
CO2 Tons per capita [+]20154.16chart1.772015CO2 Tons per capita [+]