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Government
Qu. GDP Per Capita € [+]2015Q32,040€
GDP Mill. € [+]2016169,578M.€chart14,716M.€2016GDP Mill. € [+]
GDP Mill.$ [+]2016187,593M.$chart16,289M.$2016GDP Mill.$ [+]
GDP per capita [+]20168,600€chart911€2016GDP per capita [+]
GDP per capita [+]20169,493$chart1,009$2016GDP per capita [+]
Quat. GDP Mill.€ [+]2015Q340,535M.€
Debt [+]201663,008chart5,9102014Debt [+]
Debt [+]201669,744chart7,8542014Debt [+]
Debt (%GDP) [+]201637.60%chart49.60%2014Debt (%GDP) [+]
Debt Per Capita [+]20163,208€chart384€2014Debt Per Capita [+]
Debt Per Capita [+]20163,551$chart510$2014Debt Per Capita [+]
Deficit [+]2016-5,151chart-1642014Deficit [+]
Deficit [+]2016-5,701chart-2182014Deficit [+]
Deficit (%GDP) [+]2016-3.00%chart-1.38%2014Deficit (%GDP) [+]
Gov. Health Exp. (M.€) [+]201658,868.4chart3,001.12014Gov. Health Exp. (M.€) [+]
Expenditure (M.$) [+]201665,161.4chart3,988.02014Expenditure (M.$) [+]
Education Expenditure (M.€) [+]20144,705.0chart1,004.72014Education Expenditure (M.€) [+]
Education Expenditure (M.$) [+]20146,244.1chart1,334.72014Education Expenditure (M.$) [+]
Education Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]20149.24%chart30.01%2014Education Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]
Gov. Health Exp. (M.€) [+]20146,722.0chart253.72014Gov. Health Exp. (M.€) [+]
Gov. Health Exp.(M.$) [+]20148,930.2chart337.02014Gov. Health Exp.(M.$) [+]
Gov. Health Exp. (%Bud.) [+]201412.84%chart8.49%2014Gov. Health Exp. (%Bud.) [+]
Defence Expenditure (M.€) [+]20162,500.9chart323.52016Defence Expenditure (M.€) [+]
Defence Expenditure (M.$) [+]20162,766.6chart358.12016Defence Expenditure (M.$) [+]
Defence Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]20154.44%chart10.99%1997Defence Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]
Expenditure (%GDP) [+]201634.70%chart25.19%2014Expenditure (%GDP) [+]
Expenditure Per Capita [+]20162,998€chart195€2014Expenditure Per Capita [+]
Expenditure Per Capita [+]20163,318$chart259$2014Expenditure Per Capita [+]
Education Expenditure P.C [+]2014235€chart65€2014Education Expenditure P.C [+]
Education Expenditure P.C [+]2014313$chart87$2014Education Expenditure P.C [+]
Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]2014336€chart19€2014Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]
Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]2014447$chart25$2014Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]
Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]2016127€chart20€2016Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]
Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]2016140$chart22$2016Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]
Moody's Rating [+]04/21/2017Baa3
S&P Rating [+]05/16/2014BBB-
Fitch Rating [+]07/14/2017BBB-
Corruption Index [+]201648chart222016Corruption Index [+]
Competitiveness Ranking [+]201768ºchart124º2017Competitiveness Ranking [+]
Fragile States Index [+]201554.2chart100.02015Fragile States Index [+]
RTI Raking [+]11/01/201660ºchart80º11/01/2016RTI Raking [+]
Innovation Ranking [+]201648ºchart133º2015Innovation Ranking [+]
Labour
Unemployment Rate [+]August 20175.1%
Unemployment rate [+]2017Q24.8%
Unemployed [+]2017Q2451 m.
NMW [+]2017355.0 $
NMW [+]2017318.5 €
Average Wage [+]20156,851€
Average Wage [+]20157,601$
Human Capital Ranking [+]201539º
Markets
Euro / Romanian new lei [+]10/19/20174.5921
Stock ExchangeYTD % [+]10/19/201713.00%
Prices
CPI (overall index) [+]September 20171.8%
HICP [+]September 20171.3%
PPI Year on Year [+]August 20173.4%
Money Market
Key rates [+]05/07/20151.75%
Business
Doing Business [+]201736ºchart161º2017Doing Business [+]
IPI Year on Year [+]August 201710.3%
Passengers vehicles Year [+]June 2017104,475
Annual Vehicles/ 1,000 p. [+]June 20176.52
Motor vehicle production [+]2016359,306
Vehicles / 1,000 people [+]2015304.11chart59.582015Vehicles / 1,000 people [+]
Taxes
Standard VAT [+]01/01/201620.00%chart15.00%01/01/2009Standard VAT [+]
Top tax rate + SSC [+]201616.0%chart51.5%2015Top tax rate + SSC [+]
Trade
Exports [+]201657,391.6 M.€chart2,558.7 M.€2016Exports [+]
Exports [+]201663,519.8 M.$chart2,832.3 M.$2016Exports [+]
Exports % GDP [+]201633.84%chart17.39%2016Exports % GDP [+]
Imports [+]201667,362.0 M.€chart3,342.7 M.€2016Imports [+]
Imports [+]201674,539.3 M.$chart3,700.0 M.$2016Imports [+]
Imports % GDP [+]201639.72%chart22.71%2016Imports % GDP [+]
Trade balance [+]2016-9,970.4 M.€chart-783.9 M.€2016Trade balance [+]
Trade balance [+]2016-11,019.5 M.$chart-867.7 M.$2016Trade balance [+]
Trade balance % GDP [+]2016-5.88%chart-5.33%2016Trade balance % GDP [+]
Retail Sales YoY [+]August 201715.8%
Socio-Demography
Density [+]201682chart412016Density [+]
Population [+]201619,638,309chart16,150,3622016Population [+]
Immigrant stock [+]2015226,943chart398,8662015Immigrant stock [+]
Remittance received (M.$) [+]20152,932.5
% Immigrant [+]20151.15%chart2.53%2015% Immigrant [+]
Remittance sent (M.$) [+]2015548.4chart67.72015Remittance sent (M.$) [+]
Emigrant stock [+]20153,408,118chart856,3452015Emigrant stock [+]
% Emigrant [+]201517.25%chart5.43%2015% Emigrant [+]
HDI [+]20150.802chart0.5162015HDI [+]
Global Peace Ranking [+]201725ºchart127º2017Global Peace Ranking [+]
Gender Gap Ranking [+]201676ºchart56º2016Gender Gap Ranking [+]
Ranking [+]201545º
Birth Rate [+]20169.60‰chart33.94‰2015Birth Rate [+]
Fertility Rate [+]20151.58chart3.842015Fertility Rate [+]
Crude death rate [+]201613.00‰chart8.40‰2015Crude death rate [+]
Life expectancy [+]201575.00chart60.282015Life expectancy [+]
Crude marriage rate [+]20156.30‰
Crude divorce rate [+]20151.60‰
Number of homicides [+]2015291chart9812012Number of homicides [+]
Rate Homicides per 100.000 [+]20151.5chart6.72012Rate Homicides per 100.000 [+]
% risk of poverty [+]201625.3%
Environment and Energy
CO2 Tons per capita [+]20154.16chart0.882015CO2 Tons per capita [+]