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Romania  

Romania, is a country located at Eastern Europe, it has an area of 238,400 Km2,

Romania, with a population of 19,414,458 people, it is ranked at 60º position by population of 196 countries ant it has a moderate population density, 81 people per km2.

The capital is Bucharest and its currency is Romanian new lei

Romania is holding the 45 position by nominal GDP. Its national debt in 2018 was 70,867 millions of euros83,694 millions of dollars, ( 35% debt-to-GDP ratio) and its public debt per capita is 3,650€ euros per inhabitant4,311$ dollars per inhabitant.

The last annual rate of CPI published in Romania was on February of 2020 and it was 3.1%.

In terms of the human development index (HDI) of Romania, which is the index used by the United Nations to measure the progress of a country, was 0.811 points in 2017, leaving it in 52th place in the table of 189 countries published.

If the reason to visit Romania are business, you must know it's in the 52th of the Doing Business ranking , which provides objective measures of business regulations for local firms.

In the tables at the bottom of the page, you can see more information about the economy and demography of Romania, if you want to see information about other countries click here

Bucharest: Monthly Temp.
Bucharest: Monthly Rainfall
Romania Economy
Gouvernement
Qu. GDP Per Capita [+]2018Q42,719€
Annual GDP [+]2018202,884M.€
Annual GDP [+]2018239,552M.$
GDP per capita [+]201810,510€
GDP per capita [+]201812,270$
Quarterly GDP [+]2018Q452,789M.€
Debt [+]201870,867
Debt [+]201883,694
Debt (%GDP) [+]201835.00%
Debt Per Capita [+]20183,650€
Debt Per Capita [+]20184,311$
Deficit (M.€) [+]2018-6,003
Deficit (M.$) [+]2018-7,089
Deficit (%GDP) [+]2018-3.00%
Expenditure (M.€) [+]201871,433.4
Expenditure (M.$) [+]201884,362.8
Education Expenditure (M.€) [+]20154,979.6
Education Expenditure (M.$) [+]20155,526.2
Education Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]20159.08%
Gov. Health Exp. (M.€) [+]20166,635.2
Gov. Health Exp.(M.$) [+]20167,340.1
Gov. Health Exp. (%Bud.) [+]201611.32%
Defence Expenditure (M.€) [+]20183,924.2
Defence Expenditure (M.$) [+]20184,633.4
Defence Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]20185.96%
Expenditure (%GDP) [+]201835.20%
Expenditure Per Capita [+]20183,679€
Expenditure Per Capita [+]20184,345$
Education Expenditure P.C [+]2015251€
Education Expenditure P.C [+]2015278$
Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]2016336€
Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]2016372$
Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]2018203€
Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]2018237$
Moody's Rating [+]08/24/2018Baa3
S&P Rating [+]05/16/2014BBB-
Fitch Rating [+]11/16/2018BBB-
Corruption Index [+]201847
Competitiveness Ranking [+]201852º
Fragile States Index [+]201849.4
RTI Raking [+]09/28/201868º
Innovation Ranking [+]201849º
Labour
Unemployment Rate [+]December 20184.0%
Unemployment rate [+]2018Q44.1%
Unemployed [+]2018Q4368 m.
NMW [+]2018488.2 $
NMW [+]2018407.9 €
Average Wage [+]201810,572€
Average Wage [+]201812,485$
Human Capital Ranking [+]201742º
Markets
US Dollar exchange rate [+]12/31/20184.0736
Stock ExchangeYTD % [+]12/31/2018-4.77%
Prices
CPI (overall index) [+]December 20183.3%
HICP [+]December 20183.0%
PPI Year on Year [+]December 20185.9%
Money Market
Key rates [+]05/08/20182.50%
Business
Doing Business [+]201845º
IPI Year on Year [+]December 20180.3%
Passengers vehicles Year [+]December 2018127,919
Annual Vehicles/ 1,000 p. [+]December 20187.92
Motor vehicle production [+]2018476,769
Vehicles / 1,000 people [+]2015304.10
Taxes
Standard VAT [+]01/01/201620.00%
Top tax rate + SSC [+]201810.0%
Trade
Exports [+]201867,424.5 M.€
Exports [+]201879,671.2 M.$
Exports % GDP [+]201833.23%
Imports [+]201882,828.8 M.€
Imports [+]201897,778.2 M.$
Imports % GDP [+]201840.83%
Trade balance [+]2018-15,404.3 M.€
Trade balance [+]2018-18,107.1 M.$
Trade balance % GDP [+]2018-7.59%
Retail Sales YoY [+]December 20182.7%
Socio-Demography
Global AgeWatch Ranking [+]201545º
Density [+]201881
Global Peace Ranking [+]201824º
Crude divorce rate [+]20181.60‰
Remittance received (M.$) [+]20174,943.6
% Immigrant [+]20171.90%
% Emigrant [+]201718.32%
Birth Rate [+]201810.40‰
Remittance sent (M.$) [+]2017590.7
Crude death rate [+]201813.60‰
Fertility Rate [+]20181.76
Rate Homicides per 100.000 [+]20171.50
Crude marriage rate [+]20187.40‰
% risk of poverty [+]201625.3%
Population [+]201819,414,458
Immigrant stock [+]2017370,753
Emigrant stock [+]20173,578,504
HDI [+]20170.811
Gender Gap Ranking [+]201863º
Life expectancy [+]201875.30
Number of homicides [+]2017286
Energy and Environment
CO2 Tons per capita [+]20184.09