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Government
GDP Mill. € [+]2016169,578M.€chart938M.€2015GDP Mill. € [+]
GDP Mill.$ [+]2016187,039M.$chart1,041M.$2015GDP Mill.$ [+]
GDP per capita [+]20168,600€chart509€2015GDP per capita [+]
GDP per capita [+]20169,465$chart564$2015GDP per capita [+]
Qu. GDP Per Capita [+]2015Q32,040€
Quat. GDP Mill.€ [+]2015Q340,535M.€
Debt [+]201663,008 M.€chart483 M.€2016Debt [+]
Debt [+]201669,744 M.$chart535 M.$2016Debt [+]
Debt (%GDP) [+]201637.60%chart46.31%2016Debt (%GDP) [+]
Debt Per Capita [+]20163,189 €chart256 €2016Debt Per Capita [+]
Debt Per Capita [+]20163,559$chart283$2016Debt Per Capita [+]
Deficit [+]2016-5,151 M.€chart-38 M.€2016Deficit [+]
Deficit [+]2016-5,701 M.$chart-42 M.$2016Deficit [+]
Deficit (%GDP) [+]2016-3.00%chart-3.68%2016Deficit (%GDP) [+]
Gov. Health Exp. (M.€) [+]201658,868.4chart209.52016Gov. Health Exp. (M.€) [+]
Expenditure (M.$) [+]201665,161.4chart231.92016Expenditure (M.$) [+]
Education Expenditure (M.€) [+]20123,986.0chart18.62013Education Expenditure (M.€) [+]
Education Expenditure (M.$) [+]20125,125.0chart24.62013Education Expenditure (M.$) [+]
Education Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]20128.44%chart16.19%2013Education Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]
Gov. Health Exp. (M.€) [+]20146,722.0
Gov. Health Exp.(M.$) [+]20148,930.2
Gov. Health Exp. (%Bud.) [+]201412.84%chart7.79%2014Gov. Health Exp. (%Bud.) [+]
Defence Expenditure (M.€) [+]20152,230.3chart16.52015Defence Expenditure (M.€) [+]
Defence Expenditure (M.$) [+]20152,475.2chart18.32015Defence Expenditure (M.$) [+]
Defence Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]20154.27%
Expenditure (%GDP) [+]201634.70%chart20.07%2016Expenditure (%GDP) [+]
Expenditure Per Capita [+]20162,979€chart111€2016Expenditure Per Capita [+]
Expenditure Per Capita [+]20163,298$chart123$2016Expenditure Per Capita [+]
Education Expenditure P.C [+]2012200€chart11€2013Education Expenditure P.C [+]
Education Expenditure P.C [+]2012255$chart14$2013Education Expenditure P.C [+]
Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]2014340€chart5€2014Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]
Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]2014447$chart7$2014Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]
Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]2015113€chart9€2015Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]
Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]2015125$chart10$2015Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]
Moody's Rating [+]04/21/2017Baa3
S&P Rating [+]05/16/2014BBB-
Fitch Rating [+]07/14/2017BBB-
Corruption Index [+]201648chart162016Corruption Index [+]
Competitiveness Ranking [+]201653º
Fragile States Index [+]201554.2chart99.92015Fragile States Index [+]
RTI Raking [+]11/01/201660º
Innovation Ranking [+]201648º
Labour
Unemployment Rate [+]May 20175.4%
Unemployment rate [+]2017Q15.5%
Unemployed [+]2017Q1481 m.
NMW [+]2017344.7 $
NMW [+]2017318.5 €
Average Wage [+]20156,851€
Average Wage [+]20157,601$
Human Capital Ranking [+]201539º
Markets
Euro / Romanian new lei [+]07/20/20174.5654
Stock ExchangeYTD % [+]07/20/201718.12%
Prices
CPI (overall index) [+]June 20170.9%
HICP [+]June 20170.7%
PPI Year on Year [+]May 20172.7%
Money Market
Key rates [+]05/07/20151.75%
Business
Doing Business [+]201736ºchart172º2017Doing Business [+]
IPI Year on Year [+]May 201714.6%
Passengers vehicles Year [+]June 2017104,475
Annual Vehicles/ 1,000 p. [+]May 20176.37
Motor vehicle production [+]2016359,306
Vehicles / 1,000 people [+]2014287.09
Taxes
Standard VAT [+]01/01/201620.00%
Top tax rate + SSC [+]201616.0%
Trade
Exports [+]201657,385.6 M.€chart237.7 M.€2016Exports [+]
Exports [+]201663,519.8 M.$chart263.1 M.$2016Exports [+]
Exports % GDP [+]201633.84%chart24.72%2015Exports % GDP [+]
Imports [+]201667,341.1 M.€chart225.2 M.€2016Imports [+]
Imports [+]201674,539.3 M.$chart249.2 M.$2016Imports [+]
Imports % GDP [+]201639.71%chart21.78%2015Imports % GDP [+]
Trade balance [+]2016-9,955.5 M.€chart12.5 M.€2016Trade balance [+]
Trade balance [+]2016-11,019.5 M.$chart13.8 M.$2016Trade balance [+]
Trade balance % GDP [+]2016-5.87%chart2.94%2015Trade balance % GDP [+]
Retail Sales YoY [+]May 201714.1%
Socio-Demography
Density [+]201682chart522016Density [+]
Population [+]201619,638,309chart1,888,0002016Population [+]
Immigrant stock [+]2015226,943chart22,3332015Immigrant stock [+]
Remittance received (M.$) [+]20152,932.5chart63.82015Remittance received (M.$) [+]
% Immigrant [+]20151.15%chart1.21%2015% Immigrant [+]
Remittance sent (M.$) [+]2015548.4chart20.42015Remittance sent (M.$) [+]
Emigrant stock [+]20153,408,118chart101,8282015Emigrant stock [+]
% Emigrant [+]201517.25%chart5.52%2015% Emigrant [+]
HDI [+]20140.793chart0.4202014HDI [+]
Global Peace Ranking [+]201725ºchart122º2017Global Peace Ranking [+]
Gender Gap Ranking [+]201676º
Ranking [+]201545º
Birth Rate [+]20169.60‰chart36.65‰2015Birth Rate [+]
Fertility Rate [+]20151.58chart4.762015Fertility Rate [+]
Crude death rate [+]201613.00‰chart11.90‰2015Crude death rate [+]
Life expectancy [+]201575.00chart55.472015Life expectancy [+]
Crude marriage rate [+]20156.30‰
Crude divorce rate [+]20151.60‰
Number of homicides [+]2015291chart1692015Number of homicides [+]
Rate Homicides per 100.000 [+]20151.5chart9.22015Rate Homicides per 100.000 [+]
% risk of poverty [+]201625.3%
Environment and Energy
CO2 Tons per capita [+]20154.16chart0.172015CO2 Tons per capita [+]