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Government
GDP Mill. € [+]201513,010M.€chart169,578M.€2016GDP Mill. € [+]
GDP Mill.$ [+]201514,435M.$chart187,039M.$2016GDP Mill.$ [+]
GDP per capita [+]20155,750€chart8,600€2016GDP per capita [+]
GDP per capita [+]20156,380$chart9,465$2016GDP per capita [+]
2,040€2015Q3Qu. GDP Per Capita [+]
40,535M.€2015Q3Quat. GDP Mill.€ [+]
Debt [+]20161,895 M.€chart63,008 M.€2016Debt [+]
Debt [+]20162,098 M.$chart69,744 M.$2016Debt [+]
Debt (%GDP) [+]201613.89%chart37.60%2016Debt (%GDP) [+]
Debt Per Capita [+]2016823 €chart3,189 €2016Debt Per Capita [+]
Debt Per Capita [+]2016911$chart3,559$2016Debt Per Capita [+]
Deficit [+]2016-259 M.€chart-5,151 M.€2016Deficit [+]
Deficit [+]2016-287 M.$chart-5,701 M.$2016Deficit [+]
Deficit (%GDP) [+]2016-1.90%chart-3.00%2016Deficit (%GDP) [+]
Gov. Health Exp. (M.€) [+]20164,630.6chart58,868.42016Gov. Health Exp. (M.€) [+]
Expenditure (M.$) [+]20165,125.6chart65,161.42016Expenditure (M.$) [+]
Education Expenditure (M.€) [+]2009712.5chart3,986.02012Education Expenditure (M.€) [+]
Education Expenditure (M.$) [+]2009993.8chart5,125.02012Education Expenditure (M.$) [+]
Education Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]200920.48%chart8.44%2012Education Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]
6,722.02014Gov. Health Exp. (M.€) [+]
8,930.22014Gov. Health Exp.(M.$) [+]
Gov. Health Exp. (%Bud.) [+]20148.84%chart12.84%2014Gov. Health Exp. (%Bud.) [+]
Defence Expenditure (M.€) [+]2015363.8chart2,230.32015Defence Expenditure (M.€) [+]
Defence Expenditure (M.$) [+]2015403.7chart2,475.22015Defence Expenditure (M.$) [+]
Defence Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]20148.40%chart4.27%2015Defence Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]
Expenditure (%GDP) [+]201633.93%chart34.70%2016Expenditure (%GDP) [+]
Expenditure Per Capita [+]20162,010€chart2,979€2016Expenditure Per Capita [+]
Expenditure Per Capita [+]20162,225$chart3,298$2016Expenditure Per Capita [+]
Education Expenditure P.C [+]2009355€chart200€2012Education Expenditure P.C [+]
Education Expenditure P.C [+]2009495$chart255$2012Education Expenditure P.C [+]
Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]2014176€chart340€2014Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]
Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]2014234$chart447$2014Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]
Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]2015161€chart113€2015Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]
Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]2015178$chart125$2015Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]
Moody's Rating [+]04/22/2016A2Baa304/21/2017Moody's Rating [+]
S&P Rating [+]02/15/2010A-BBB-05/16/2014S&P Rating [+]
BBB-01/20/2017Fitch Rating [+]
Corruption Index [+]201660chart482016Corruption Index [+]
Competitiveness Ranking [+]201671ºchart53º2016Competitiveness Ranking [+]
Fragile States Index [+]201562.8chart54.22015Fragile States Index [+]
60º11/01/2016RTI Raking [+]
Innovation Ranking [+]201690ºchart48º2016Innovation Ranking [+]
Labour
5.3%March 2017Unemployment Rate [+]
5.5%2016Q4Unemployment rate [+]
485 m.2016Q4Unemployed [+]
NMW [+]2013100.2 $chart344.7 $2017NMW [+]
NMW [+]201376.0 €chart320.0 €2017NMW [+]
6,851€2015Average Wage [+]
7,601$2015Average Wage [+]
Human Capital Ranking [+]201588ºchart39º2015Human Capital Ranking [+]
Markets
Euro / Pula [+]05/19/201711.5725chart4.558305/23/2017Euro / Romanian new lei [+]
20.09%05/23/2017Stock ExchangeYTD % [+]
Prices
0.6%April 2017CPI (overall index) [+]
0.6%April 2017HICP [+]
3.2%March 2017PPI Year on Year [+]
Money Market
1.75%05/07/2015Key rates [+]
Business
Doing Business [+]201771ºchart36º2017Doing Business [+]
10.2%March 2017IPI Year on Year [+]
100,190April 2017Passengers vehicles Year [+]
6.24March 2017Annual Vehicles/ 1,000 p. [+]
359,3062016Motor vehicle production [+]
Vehicles / 1,000 people [+]2014153.16chart287.092014Vehicles / 1,000 people [+]
Taxes
Standard VAT [+]01/01/201112.00%chart20.00%01/01/2016Standard VAT [+]
Top tax rate + SSC [+]201625.0%chart16.0%2016Top tax rate + SSC [+]
Trade
Exports [+]20166,653.8 M.€chart57,385.6 M.€2016Exports [+]
Exports [+]20167,365.0 M.$chart63,519.8 M.$2016Exports [+]
Exports % GDP [+]201543.79%chart33.84%2016Exports % GDP [+]
Imports [+]20165,529.4 M.€chart67,341.1 M.€2016Imports [+]
Imports [+]20166,120.5 M.$chart74,539.3 M.$2016Imports [+]
Imports % GDP [+]201550.21%chart39.71%2016Imports % GDP [+]
Trade balance [+]20161,124.4 M.€chart-9,955.5 M.€2016Trade balance [+]
Trade balance [+]20161,244.6 M.$chart-11,019.5 M.$2016Trade balance [+]
Trade balance % GDP [+]2015-6.42%chart-5.87%2016Trade balance % GDP [+]
9.1%March 2017Retail Sales YoY [+]
Socio-Demography
Density [+]20164chart832016Density [+]
Population [+]20162,304,000chart19,760,0002016Population [+]
Immigrant stock [+]2015160,644chart226,9432015Immigrant stock [+]
Remittance received (M.$) [+]201530.5chart2,932.52015Remittance received (M.$) [+]
% Immigrant [+]20157.10%chart1.15%2015% Immigrant [+]
Remittance sent (M.$) [+]2015158.8chart548.42015Remittance sent (M.$) [+]
Emigrant stock [+]201558,346chart3,408,1182015Emigrant stock [+]
% Emigrant [+]20152.58%chart17.25%2015% Emigrant [+]
HDI [+]20140.698chart0.7932014HDI [+]
Global Peace Ranking [+]201628ºchart31º2016Global Peace Ranking [+]
Gender Gap Ranking [+]201654ºchart76º2016Gender Gap Ranking [+]
45º2015Ranking [+]
Birth Rate [+]201524.57‰chart10.00‰2015Birth Rate [+]
Fertility Rate [+]20152.80chart1.582015Fertility Rate [+]
Crude death rate [+]20157.54‰chart13.20‰2015Crude death rate [+]
Life expectancy [+]201564.49chart75.002015Life expectancy [+]
6.30‰2015Crude marriage rate [+]
1.60‰2015Crude divorce rate [+]
Number of homicides [+]2012368chart2982014Number of homicides [+]
Rate Homicides per 100.000 [+]201218.4chart1.52014Rate Homicides per 100.000 [+]
25.3%2016% risk of poverty [+]
Environment and Energy
CO2 Tons per capita [+]20142.79chart3.602014CO2 Tons per capita [+]