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Government
GDP Mill. € [+]201610,740,911M.€chart169,578M.€2016GDP Mill. € [+]
GDP Mill.$ [+]201511,539,744M.$chart187,039M.$2016GDP Mill.$ [+]
GDP per capita [+]201631,600€chart8,600€2016GDP per capita [+]
GDP per capita [+]201533,998$chart9,465$2016GDP per capita [+]
Qu. GDP Per Capita [+]2016Q47,992€chart2,040€2015Q3Qu. GDP Per Capita [+]
Quat. GDP Mill.€ [+]2016Q42,712,543M.€chart40,535M.€2015Q3Quat. GDP Mill.€ [+]
Debt [+]20128,600,983 M.€chart63,008 M.€2016Debt [+]
Debt [+]201211,050,543 M.$chart69,744 M.$2016Debt [+]
Debt (%GDP) [+]201290.60%chart37.60%2016Debt (%GDP) [+]
Debt Per Capita [+]201225,586 €chart3,189 €2016Debt Per Capita [+]
Debt Per Capita [+]201234,052$chart3,559$2016Debt Per Capita [+]
Deficit [+]2012-352,683 M.€chart-5,151 M.€2016Deficit [+]
Deficit [+]2012-453,127 M.$chart-5,701 M.$2016Deficit [+]
Deficit (%GDP) [+]2012-3.70%chart-3.00%2016Deficit (%GDP) [+]
Gov. Health Exp. (M.€) [+]20134,772,568.1chart58,868.42016Gov. Health Exp. (M.€) [+]
Expenditure (M.$) [+]20136,338,447.7chart65,161.42016Expenditure (M.$) [+]
3,986.02012Education Expenditure (M.€) [+]
5,125.02012Education Expenditure (M.$) [+]
8.44%2012Education Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]
6,722.02014Gov. Health Exp. (M.€) [+]
8,930.22014Gov. Health Exp.(M.$) [+]
12.84%2014Gov. Health Exp. (%Bud.) [+]
Defence Expenditure (M.€) [+]2015144,080.8chart2,230.32015Defence Expenditure (M.€) [+]
Defence Expenditure (M.$) [+]2015158,942.7chart2,475.22015Defence Expenditure (M.$) [+]
Defence Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]20143.97%chart4.24%2014Defence Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]
Expenditure (%GDP) [+]201349.80%chart34.70%2016Expenditure (%GDP) [+]
Expenditure Per Capita [+]201314,313€chart2,979€2016Expenditure Per Capita [+]
Expenditure Per Capita [+]201318,711$chart3,298$2016Expenditure Per Capita [+]
200€2012Education Expenditure P.C [+]
255$2012Education Expenditure P.C [+]
340€2014Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]
447$2014Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]
Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]2015426€chart113€2015Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]
Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]2015468$chart125$2015Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]
Baa304/21/2017Moody's Rating [+]
BBB-05/16/2014S&P Rating [+]
BBB-01/20/2017Fitch Rating [+]
482016Corruption Index [+]
53º2016Competitiveness Ranking [+]
54.22015Fragile States Index [+]
60º11/01/2016RTI Raking [+]
48º2016Innovation Ranking [+]
Labour
Unemployment Rate [+]February 20179.5%chart5.4%February 2017Unemployment Rate [+]
5.5%2016Q4Unemployment rate [+]
485 m.2016Q4Unemployed [+]
344.7 $2017NMW [+]
320.0 €2017NMW [+]
6,851€2015Average Wage [+]
7,601$2015Average Wage [+]
39º2015Human Capital Ranking [+]
Markets
4.528904/27/2017Euro / Romanian new lei [+]
Stock ExchangeYTD % [+]04/27/20178.29%chart15.52%04/27/2017Stock ExchangeYTD % [+]
Prices
0.2%March 2017CPI (overall index) [+]
HICP [+]March 20171.5%chart0.4%March 2017HICP [+]
3.2%February 2017PPI Year on Year [+]
Money Market
Key rates [+]03/16/20160%chart1.75%05/07/2015Key rates [+]
Business
36º2017Doing Business [+]
5.7%February 2017IPI Year on Year [+]
99,724March 2017Passengers vehicles Year [+]
6.24March 2017Annual Vehicles/ 1,000 p. [+]
359,3062016Motor vehicle production [+]
287.092014Vehicles / 1,000 people [+]
Taxes
20.00%01/01/2016Standard VAT [+]
16.0%2016Top tax rate + SSC [+]
Trade
57,385.6 M.€2016Exports [+]
60,586.1 M.$2015Exports [+]
33.84%2016Exports % GDP [+]
67,341.1 M.€2016Imports [+]
69,867.4 M.$2015Imports [+]
39.71%2016Imports % GDP [+]
-9,955.5 M.€2016Trade balance [+]
-9,281.3 M.$2015Trade balance [+]
-5.87%2016Trade balance % GDP [+]
4.8%February 2017Retail Sales YoY [+]
Socio-Demography
Density [+]2015123chart832016Density [+]
Population [+]2015339,425,073chart19,760,0002016Population [+]
226,9432015Immigrant stock [+]
2,932.52015Remittance received (M.$) [+]
1.15%2015% Immigrant [+]
548.42015Remittance sent (M.$) [+]
0.7932014HDI [+]
31º2016Global Peace Ranking [+]
76º2016Gender Gap Ranking [+]
45º2015Ranking [+]
Birth Rate [+]20149.74‰chart10.00‰2015Birth Rate [+]
Fertility Rate [+]20141.53chart1.582015Fertility Rate [+]
Crude death rate [+]20149.50‰chart13.20‰2015Crude death rate [+]
Life expectancy [+]201481.65chart75.002015Life expectancy [+]
6.30‰2015Crude marriage rate [+]
1.60‰2015Crude divorce rate [+]
2982014Number of homicides [+]
1.52014Rate Homicides per 100.000 [+]
% risk of poverty [+]201517.2%chart25.4%2015% risk of poverty [+]
Environment and Energy
3.602014CO2 Tons per capita [+]
  • Capital:
  • Population: 339,425,073
  • Surface Area: 2,759,052 km2
  • Currency: Euros