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Government
GDP Mill. € [+]201610,733,164M.€chart169,078M.€2016GDP Mill. € [+]
GDP Mill.$ [+]201511,539,744M.$chart187,152M.$2016GDP Mill.$ [+]
GDP per capita [+]201631,500€chart8,600€2016GDP per capita [+]
GDP per capita [+]201533,998$chart9,471$2016GDP per capita [+]
Qu. GDP Per Capita [+]2016Q47,978€chart2,040€2015Q3Qu. GDP Per Capita [+]
Quat. GDP Mill.€ [+]2016Q42,707,824M.€chart40,535M.€2015Q3Quat. GDP Mill.€ [+]
Debt [+]20128,600,983 M.€chart59,699 M.€2015Debt [+]
Debt [+]201211,050,543 M.$chart66,236 M.$2015Debt [+]
Debt (%GDP) [+]201290.60%chart37.90%2015Debt (%GDP) [+]
Debt Per Capita [+]201225,586 €chart3,021 €2015Debt Per Capita [+]
Debt Per Capita [+]201234,052$chart3,394$2015Debt Per Capita [+]
Deficit [+]2012-352,683 M.€chart-1,212 M.€2015Deficit [+]
Deficit [+]2012-453,127 M.$chart-1,344 M.$2015Deficit [+]
Deficit (%GDP) [+]2012-3.70%chart-0.80%2015Deficit (%GDP) [+]
Gov. Health Exp. (M.€) [+]20134,772,568.1chart57,180.42015Gov. Health Exp. (M.€) [+]
Expenditure (M.$) [+]20136,338,447.7chart63,441.72015Expenditure (M.$) [+]
3,986.02012Education Expenditure (M.€) [+]
5,125.02012Education Expenditure (M.$) [+]
8.44%2012Education Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]
6,722.02014Gov. Health Exp. (M.€) [+]
8,930.22014Gov. Health Exp.(M.$) [+]
12.84%2014Gov. Health Exp. (%Bud.) [+]
Defence Expenditure (M.€) [+]2015144,065.5chart2,230.32015Defence Expenditure (M.€) [+]
Defence Expenditure (M.$) [+]2015158,942.7chart2,481.22015Defence Expenditure (M.$) [+]
Defence Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]20143.97%chart4.24%2014Defence Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]
Expenditure (%GDP) [+]201349.80%chart35.70%2015Expenditure (%GDP) [+]
Expenditure Per Capita [+]201314,313€chart2,894€2015Expenditure Per Capita [+]
Expenditure Per Capita [+]201318,711$chart3,211$2015Expenditure Per Capita [+]
200€2012Education Expenditure P.C [+]
255$2012Education Expenditure P.C [+]
340€2014Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]
447$2014Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]
Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]2015426€chart113€2015Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]
Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]2015468$chart125$2015Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]
Baa312/11/2015Moody's Rating [+]
BBB-05/16/2014S&P Rating [+]
BBB-01/20/2017Fitch Rating [+]
482016Corruption Index [+]
53º2016Competitiveness Ranking [+]
54.22015Fragile States Index [+]
60º11/01/2016RTI Raking [+]
48º2016Innovation Ranking [+]
Labour
Unemployment Rate [+]January 20179.6%chart5.4%January 2017Unemployment Rate [+]
5.7%2016Q3Unemployment rate [+]
519 m.2016Q3Unemployed [+]
344.7 $2017NMW [+]
320.0 €2017NMW [+]
6,851€2015Average Wage [+]
7,601$2015Average Wage [+]
39º2015Human Capital Ranking [+]
Markets
4.557503/29/2017Euro / Romanian new lei [+]
Stock ExchangeYTD % [+]03/29/20175.61%chart12.11%03/29/2017Stock ExchangeYTD % [+]
Prices
0.2%February 2017CPI (overall index) [+]
HICP [+]February 20172.0%chart0.5%February 2017HICP [+]
2.2%January 2017PPI Year on Year [+]
Money Market
Key rates [+]03/16/20160%chart1.75%05/07/2015Key rates [+]
Business
36º2017Doing Business [+]
5.2%January 2017IPI Year on Year [+]
99,381February 2017Passengers vehicles Year [+]
6.23February 2017Annual Vehicles/ 1,000 p. [+]
359,3062016Motor vehicle production [+]
287.092014Vehicles / 1,000 people [+]
Taxes
20.00%01/01/2016Standard VAT [+]
16.0%2016Top tax rate + SSC [+]
Trade
57,385.6 M.€2016Exports [+]
60,586.1 M.$2015Exports [+]
33.94%2016Exports % GDP [+]
67,341.1 M.€2016Imports [+]
69,867.4 M.$2015Imports [+]
39.83%2016Imports % GDP [+]
-9,955.5 M.€2016Trade balance [+]
-9,281.3 M.$2015Trade balance [+]
-5.89%2016Trade balance % GDP [+]
6.5%January 2017Retail Sales YoY [+]
Socio-Demography
Density [+]2015123chart832015Density [+]
Population [+]2015339,425,073chart19,760,3142015Population [+]
226,9432015Immigrant stock [+]
2,932.52015Remittance received (M.$) [+]
1.15%2015% Immigrant [+]
548.42015Remittance sent (M.$) [+]
0.7932014HDI [+]
31º2016Global Peace Ranking [+]
76º2016Gender Gap Ranking [+]
45º2015Ranking [+]
Birth Rate [+]20149.74‰chart10.00‰2015Birth Rate [+]
Fertility Rate [+]20141.53chart1.582015Fertility Rate [+]
Crude death rate [+]20149.50‰chart13.20‰2015Crude death rate [+]
Life expectancy [+]201481.65chart75.002015Life expectancy [+]
5.90‰2014Crude marriage rate [+]
1.40‰2014Crude divorce rate [+]
2982014Number of homicides [+]
1.52014Rate Homicides per 100.000 [+]
% risk of poverty [+]201517.2%chart25.4%2015% risk of poverty [+]
Environment and Energy
3.602014CO2 Tons per capita [+]
  • Capital:
  • Population: 339,425,073
  • Surface Area: 2,759,052 km2
  • Currency: Euros