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Government
GDP Mill. € [+]2016169,578M.€chart1,557M.€2015GDP Mill. € [+]
GDP Mill.$ [+]2016187,039M.$chart1,727M.$2015GDP Mill.$ [+]
GDP per capita [+]20168,600€chart1,753€2015GDP per capita [+]
GDP per capita [+]20169,465$chart1,945$2015GDP per capita [+]
Qu. GDP Per Capita [+]2015Q32,040€
Quat. GDP Mill.€ [+]2015Q340,535M.€
Debt [+]201666,249 M.€chart525 M.€2015Debt [+]
Debt [+]201673,331 M.$chart582 M.$2015Debt [+]
Debt (%GDP) [+]201639.20%chart33.72%2015Debt (%GDP) [+]
Debt Per Capita [+]20163,353 €chart591 €2015Debt Per Capita [+]
Debt Per Capita [+]20163,710$chart656$2015Debt Per Capita [+]
Deficit [+]2016-4,074 M.€chart-338 M.€2015Deficit [+]
Deficit [+]2016-4,509 M.$chart-375 M.$2015Deficit [+]
Deficit (%GDP) [+]2016-2.41%chart-21.70%2015Deficit (%GDP) [+]
Gov. Health Exp. (M.€) [+]201653,224.6chart916.92015Gov. Health Exp. (M.€) [+]
Expenditure (M.$) [+]201658,914.3chart1,017.32015Expenditure (M.$) [+]
Education Expenditure (M.€) [+]20123,986.0chart37.22010Education Expenditure (M.€) [+]
Education Expenditure (M.$) [+]20125,125.0chart49.32010Education Expenditure (M.$) [+]
Education Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]20128.44%chart12.33%2010Education Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]
Gov. Health Exp. (M.€) [+]20146,722.0
Gov. Health Exp.(M.$) [+]20148,930.2
Gov. Health Exp. (%Bud.) [+]201412.84%chart14.14%2014Gov. Health Exp. (%Bud.) [+]
Defence Expenditure (M.€) [+]20152,230.3chart24.32008Defence Expenditure (M.€) [+]
Defence Expenditure (M.$) [+]20152,475.2chart35.72008Defence Expenditure (M.$) [+]
Defence Expenditure (%Bud.) [+]20144.24%
Expenditure (%GDP) [+]201631.49%chart58.91%2015Expenditure (%GDP) [+]
Expenditure Per Capita [+]20162,694€chart1,033€2015Expenditure Per Capita [+]
Expenditure Per Capita [+]20162,981$chart1,146$2015Expenditure Per Capita [+]
Education Expenditure P.C [+]2012200€chart45€2010Education Expenditure P.C [+]
Education Expenditure P.C [+]2012255$chart59$2010Education Expenditure P.C [+]
Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]2014340€chart92€2014Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]
Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]2014447$chart122$2014Gov. Health Exp. P.C. [+]
Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]2015113€chart31€2008Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]
Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]2015125$chart45$2008Defence Expenditure P.C. [+]
Moody's Rating [+]04/21/2017Baa3
S&P Rating [+]05/16/2014BBB-
Fitch Rating [+]01/20/2017BBB-
Corruption Index [+]201648chart302016Corruption Index [+]
Competitiveness Ranking [+]201653º
Fragile States Index [+]201554.2chart88.12015Fragile States Index [+]
RTI Raking [+]11/01/201660º
Innovation Ranking [+]201648º
Labour
Unemployment Rate [+]February 20175.4%
Unemployment rate [+]2016Q45.5%
Unemployed [+]2016Q4485 m.
NMW [+]2017344.7 $
NMW [+]2017320.0 €
Average Wage [+]20156,851€
Average Wage [+]20157,601$
Human Capital Ranking [+]201539º
Markets
Euro / Romanian new lei [+]04/21/20174.5441
Stock ExchangeYTD % [+]04/21/201716.20%
Prices
CPI (overall index) [+]March 20170.2%
HICP [+]March 20170.4%
PPI Year on Year [+]February 20173.2%
Money Market
Key rates [+]05/07/20151.75%
Business
Doing Business [+]201736ºchart171º2017Doing Business [+]
IPI Year on Year [+]February 20175.7%
Passengers vehicles Year [+]March 201799,724
Annual Vehicles/ 1,000 p. [+]February 20176.23
Motor vehicle production [+]2016359,306
Vehicles / 1,000 people [+]2014287.09
Taxes
Standard VAT [+]01/01/201620.00%
Top tax rate + SSC [+]201616.0%
Trade
Exports [+]201657,385.6 M.€chart118.8 M.€2015Exports [+]
Exports [+]201560,586.1 M.$chart131.8 M.$2015Exports [+]
Exports % GDP [+]201633.84%chart7.63%2015Exports % GDP [+]
Imports [+]201667,341.1 M.€chart802.2 M.€2015Imports [+]
Imports [+]201569,867.4 M.$chart890.1 M.$2015Imports [+]
Imports % GDP [+]201639.71%chart51.54%2015Imports % GDP [+]
Trade balance [+]2016-9,955.5 M.€chart-683.5 M.€2015Trade balance [+]
Trade balance [+]2015-9,281.3 M.$chart-758.3 M.$2015Trade balance [+]
Trade balance % GDP [+]2016-5.87%chart-43.91%2015Trade balance % GDP [+]
Retail Sales YoY [+]February 20174.8%
Socio-Demography
Density [+]201683chart382015Density [+]
Population [+]201619,760,000chart887,8612015Population [+]
Immigrant stock [+]2015226,943chart112,3512015Immigrant stock [+]
Remittance received (M.$) [+]20152,932.5chart35.62015Remittance received (M.$) [+]
% Immigrant [+]20151.15%chart12.65%2015% Immigrant [+]
Remittance sent (M.$) [+]2015548.4chart5.12015Remittance sent (M.$) [+]
HDI [+]20140.793chart0.4702014HDI [+]
Global Peace Ranking [+]201631ºchart121º2016Global Peace Ranking [+]
Gender Gap Ranking [+]201676º
Ranking [+]201545º
Birth Rate [+]201510.00‰chart25.11‰2014Birth Rate [+]
Fertility Rate [+]20151.58chart3.202014Fertility Rate [+]
Crude death rate [+]201513.20‰chart8.61‰2014Crude death rate [+]
Life expectancy [+]201575.00chart62.022014Life expectancy [+]
Crude marriage rate [+]20156.30‰
Crude divorce rate [+]20151.60‰
Number of homicides [+]2014298chart602012Number of homicides [+]
Rate Homicides per 100.000 [+]20141.5chart7.02012Rate Homicides per 100.000 [+]
% risk of poverty [+]201525.4%
Environment and Energy
CO2 Tons per capita [+]20143.60chart1.632014CO2 Tons per capita [+]